Now showing items 1-2 of 2

    • Article

      Bacterial flora in the hepatopancreas of pond-reared Penaeus monodon juveniles with luminous vibriosis 

      EM Leaño, CR Lavilla-Pitogo & MG Paner - Aquaculture, 1998 - Elsevier
      Quantification and characterization of bacterial flora in the hepatopancreas (hp) of pond-reared Penaeus monodon juveniles affected with luminous bacteria were conducted in 1994 and 1995. Shrimp samples were taken from 23 grow-out ponds, 14 of which had disease outbreaks. Luminous bacterial (LB) load of the shrimps' hp with (mean=2.4×101 colony forming units (CFU)/hp) and without (mean=0.3×101 CFU/hp) disease outbreaks were comparable during the first 15 days of culture (DOC). During disease outbreaks at 18 to 32 DOC, however, LB load of affected shrimps (mean=9.0×104 CFU/hp) were higher than healthy shrimps (mean=7.0×101 CFU/hp). At 50 to 60 DOC, levels of LB were comparable in older shrimps with or without disease. Total viable and presumptive Vibrio counts were also comparable in both shrimp samples from 1 to 60 DOC. Characterization of the 172 bacterial isolates collected showed that most (90.12%) were Vibrio species dominated by V. harveyi (27.91%), V. splendidus II (13.37%) and V. parahaemolyticus (10.46%).
    • Conference paper

      Qualitative and quantitative comparison of bacterial flora associated with hatchery-reared and wild-caught shrimp postlarvae 

      CR Lavilla-Pitogo, LD de la Peña & MG Paner - In Proceedings of the International Workshop: Antibiotic Resistance in Aquaculture Environments, 24-25 February 2005, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 2005 - ASIARESIST
      Because of high mortality recorded in pond-reared shrimps due to luminescent vibriosis infection, a study was conducted to determine if postlarvae (PLs) could be major sources of luminescent bacteria (LB). Batches of hatchery-reared (PL12 to 18) and wild-caught Penaeus monodon PLs were examined to determine their bacterial load. Results show that although all PLs have associated Vibrio spp., not all of them harbored detectable levels of LB. Fifty eight percent of wild-caught postlarval batches did not have associated LB compared with only 23-44% of hatchery-reared postlarvae. A significant difference in quantitative LB load was noted between hatchery reared and wild-caught PLs with the former harboring up to 3.0 x 105 cfu LB/postlarva. Wildcaught PLs had only up to 3.5 x 102 cfu LB/postlarva. Antimicrobial sensitivity tests using disc diffusion method show significant resistance to Chloramphenicol and Oxytetracycline among isolates from hatchery-reared PLs (33 and 44%) compared with bacteria from wild-caught PLs (3 and 6%) and near shore seawater (0 and 12%). The differences between the quantitative and qualitative bacterial flora of hatchery-reared and wild-caught PLs may have contributed to the occurrence of luminescent vibriosis in grow-out ponds, which generally make use of hatchery-reared postlarvae.