Browsing by Subject "2799"
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Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, 2009 - Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in AgricultureThis study explored the interdependencies of aquaculture markets in the Philippines by establishing price cointegration between wholesale and retail prices of three major species commonly farmed in the country, i.e., milkfish, tilapia and shrimp. The co-movements of wholesale prices between and among key markets for each species were also investigated. Moreover, exogeneity in prices was established using Granger-causation model to determine the existence of price leaders among these markets. Such information are crucial in farm management decisions of producers and traders through better understanding of the efficiency in price formation across production and consumption centers which in turn defines the movements in prices and products among markets. Appropriate policies for the development of markets for the three aquaculture species were also identified. Such policies are expected to contribute towards the attainment of efficient pricing and distribution of benefits among market players and stakeholders. These benefits are expected to manifest through the system of grading standards for fish traded in local markets and in the choice of cost-effective technologies in grow-out and post-production practices.
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) risk factors associated with shrimp farming practices in polyculture and monoculture farms in the Philippines -
Aquaculture, 2011 - ElsevierWhite spot sydrome virus (WSSV) is one of the most important viral disease of shrimp. Several studies to control the disease have been done. Tank experiments identified WSSV risk factors related to the physico chemical properties of the water. A few studies reported pond level WSSV risk factors. This study identifies the risk factors associated with essentially two different farming systems: polyculture and semi-intensive monoculture of Penaeus monodon. Data were gathered from a total of 174 shrimp farmers in eight provinces of the Philippines using a structured questionnaire. Forty-seven variables related to pond history and site description, period of culture, pond preparation techniques, water management, culture methods, feed and other inputs, and biosecurity measures were investigated. In the analysis for combined monoculture and polyculture farms, feeding live molluscs was identified as important WSSV risk factors. In addition to feeding live molluscs, sharing of water source with other farms, having the same receiving and water source, larger pond size, and higher stocking density were identified as important WSSV risk factors in monoculture farms. Climate, i.e. stocking during the cold months and sludge removal and its deposition on the dikes were identified as WSSV risk factors in polyculture farms. Protective factors, listed in decreasing significance, were feeding with planktons and high mangrove to pond area ratio, both observed in the dataset with both monoculture and polyculture farms, while only the latter was observed in the dataset for monoculture farms only. No protective factor was observed in the dataset for polyculture farms. This study confirmed the negative effect of sharing water source with other farms and identified several new factors influencing WSSV infection such as feeding live molluscs increases the risk, while feeding with planktons and high mangrove to pond area ratio reduce the risk.