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    • Article

      The morphology and life cycle of the gill monogenean (Pseudorhabdosynochus lantauensis) on orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides) cultured in the Philippines 

      G Erazo-Pagador & ER Cruz-Lacierda - European Association of Fish Pathologists Bulletin, 2010 - European Association of Fish Pathologists
      The morphology of Pseudorhabdosynochus lantauensis is described. It is the most numerous parasite recovered from the gills of cultured orange-spotted grouper Epinephelus coioides in the Philippines and is smaller compared with similar species reported in Hong Kong, Malaysia and Indonesia. This species is characterized by having an overlapping dorsal bar and short copulatory organ.

      The life cycle of the gill monogenean is also described. One mature parasite lays at least 10-22 eggs/day. Eggs are oval (0.021-0.120 mm) with a spiral filament attached to one end. Eggs hatch into free-swimming larvae (oncomiracidia) within 2-6 d at 30°C and 30 ppt. The rate of hatching of various eggs is highly variable, that is, some eggs hatch in 2 d while others take 6 d. The oncomiracidium can attach to the grouper host within 8 h. Upon attachment, the oncomiracidium metamorphoses to an adult parasite in 4-7 d. The parasite becomes fully mature and delivers eggs in 7 d. Without a host, the life span of oncomiracidium is only 4-8 h. The life cycle is complete in 13-20 days (eggs to oncomiracidium 2-6 d; oncomiracidium to adult parasite 4-7 d; adult to fully mature and egg delivery parasite 7 d). This is the first report on the morphology and life cycle of P. lantauensis from the Philippines.