Browsing by Subject "Burrows"
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Indicators of diminished organic matter degradation potential of polychaete burrows in Philippine mariculture areas -
The Philippine Agricultural Scientist, 2008 - University of the Philippines Los BañosSediments from underneath fish cages and in mesocosm tanks were examined to establish indicators of diminished organic matter degradation potential of polychaete burrows from increased mariculture activities in Bolinao-Anda, Pangasinan, Philippines. Results showed that simple sediment characteristics may be used as sediment quality indicators to describe the contribution of burrows to biodegradable processes in sediments with extremely high deposition of organic particles. The indicators of diminished organic matter degradation potential of polychaete burrows are low redox potential (-113 to -150 mV for F. Spionidae and F. Eunicidae) at the 1 cm surface layer, absence or decreased size of burrow openings, presence of H sub(2)S, disappearance of apparent Redox Potential Discontinuity Layer (aRPD), formation of black sediment, and presence of Beggiatoa (sulfide oxidizing bacteria) and gas bubbles.
Intertidal burrows of the air-breathing eel goby, Odontamblyopus lacepedii (Gobiidae: Amblyopinae) -
Ichthyological Research, 2008 - Ichthyological Society of JapanOdontamblyopus lacepedii inhabits burrows in mudflats and breathes air at the surface opening. Investigations of the intertidal burrows using resin casting demonstrated a highly branched burrow system. The burrows are composed primarily of branching patterns of interconnected tunnels and shafts that communicate into two to seven surface openings. Bulbous chambers (i.e., dilated portions of the burrow) at branching sections of the tunnels or shafts are common features of the burrow. The presence of these chambers accords the fish adequate space to maneuver inside the burrow, and thus constant access to the surface. The combination of all burrow characteristics and previously reported variability in air breathing patterns are ostensibly of selective value for aerial predator avoidance during air breathing in O. lacepedii.