Browsing by Subject "Habitat improvement (fertilization)"
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Comparison of various water replenishment and fertilization schemes in brackishwater milkfish ponds -
Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 1989 - Blackwell PublishingThe study was undertaken to determine the optimum combination of the frequency of water replenishment and fertilization that can yield the highest growth, survival, and gross production of milkfish. Results indicated that mean body weight and survival were not significantly different (P > 0.05) among the treatments. Gross fish production was higher in biweekly fertilization if considered as a single factor. However, when this was in combination with the weekly or biweekly water replenishment, similar gross fish production was attained. In any case, because biweekly fertilization has a better effect than a weekly schedule, the former should be used in combination with any other level of replenishment. A weekly water replenishment, however, is impractical in big pond areas of 5–10 ha compartments which are still common in some milkfish ponds in the Philippines. Therefore, biweekly water replenishment and fertilization with 16–20–0 at 50 kg ha-1 would be reasonable.
Aquacultural Engineering, 1995 - ElsevierAcid sulfate soil formation was observed experimentally during leaching of pyritic soil material. Pyritic soil was saturated with distilled water in glass columns and treated under waterlogged and drained conditions. Waterlogged was inundated and had overlying water of 2-cm depth above soil surface. Temporal changes of various chemicals and physical characteristics of the soil and leachates were determined at 10-day leaching intervals. Results showed that strong acidification of soil in drained column but not in waterlogged was due to pyrite (FeS2) oxidation and the consequent production of sulfuric acid (H2SO4). As oxidation progressed, acidification influenced the pH, and increased the solubility of aluminum (Al) and iron (Fe). The loss of potassium (K) and sulfur (S) fractions was also enhanced by acidification. Strong acidic condition in drained columns slightly changed the texture of the soil to more clay, but was not enough to alter the mineral composition of the soil. Periodic leaching was found effective in increasing soil pH, but some essential nutrients were also removed, thus, the need for fertilization scheme during amelioration. In prospective ponds, pyritic soil should be tilled and dried for 2–3 weeks, then flushed and drained repeatedly until pH > 5 is obtained. Repeated lime incorporation should be done in the amelioration until high pH values are obtained. In existing ponds, formation of acid sulfate soil could be avoided by not excessively turning and exposing the pond bottom.
Influence of stocking density and fertilization regime on growth, survival and gross production of Penaeus monodon Fabricius in brackishwater ponds -
The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 1991 - Society of Israeli Aquaculture and Marine BiotechnologyTwelve 0.1 ha earthen ponds were stocked at 3,500 or 7,000/ha with 1-month old nursery reared Penaeus monodon Fabricius (1.73 g). Fertilizer treatments were 125 kg chicken manure plus 4.1 kg diammonium phosphate (18-46-0) and 6.56 kg urea (45-0-0) per application for treatments U3500 and U7000 and 125 kg chicken manure plus 8.15 kg diammonium phosphate and 0.89 kg urea per application for treatments P3500 and P7000. Fertilizers were broadcast 10 days after pest eradication and every two weeks thereafter. Water was exchanged (20%) one day before fertilization throughout the 86-day culture period. Shrimp yields at harvest were: P7000, 193.6 kg/ha; P3500, 119.4 kg/ha; U3500, 97.5 kg/ha; and U7000, 82.4 kg/ha. Mean survival for each treatment was 96.2%, 97%, 89.3% and 75%, respectively. There were significant differences in shrimp yields at harvest among treatments (p < 0.05).