Browsing by Subject "Viscosity"
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The Philippine Scientist, 1993 - San Carlos Publications, University of San CarlosAgar from three species of Gracilaria, G. changii G. coronopifolia, and Gracilariopsis heteroclada, collected form Panay and Guimaras islands was evaluated. Each species was pretreated with NaOH solution before extraction. Highest agar yields were obtained following alkaline pretreatment at the lowest concentration (1% NaOH) for all species. Highest gel strengths were obtained at different alkaline pretreatment conditions: 644 ± 3.4 g cm-2 at 3 % NaOH for 60 min for G. changii, 641 ± 11.9 g cm-2 at 5 % NaOH for 30 min for G. heteroclada, and 170 g cm-2 at 5 % NaOH for 30 min G. coronopifolia. Agar gelling temperatures ranged from 38.5-40ºC and agar melting temperature ranged from 80.5-85 ºC. Specific viscosity was highest for agar from G. changii at 18 cps. Moisture and ash contents ranged from 8.04-15.20 % and 4.32-4.98%, respectively. Based on the result for this study, G. heteroclada and G. changii are two species which merit further studies for their prospective commercial value to the different industries using agar.
Sargassum Studies in Currimao, Ilocos Norte, Northern Philippines II. Seasonal Variations in Alginate Yield and Viscosity of Sargassum carpophyllum J. Agardh, Sargassum ilicifolium (Turner) C. Agardh and Sargassum siliquosum J. Agardh (Phaeophyta, Sargassaceae) -
Botanica Marina, 1999 - Walter de GruyterThe yield (%) and viscosity (cps) of alginate from Sargassum carpophyllum, S. ilicifolium and S. siliquosum collected along the inter- and subtidal zones of Currimao, Ilocos Norte were determined monthly for a period of one year. Results show that each species demonstrated an individual pattern of alginate characteristics which is significantly influenced by the collecting zone, fertility state, and collecting month (P < 0.05). Positive correlations were observed in alginate yield and viscosity with species and fertility states. Among the three species, S. ilicifolium is the best species for alginate production for the food industry based on viscosity characteristics, followed by S. siliquosum and S. carpophyllum.