Browsing by Subject "Zooplankton"
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Journal of the Fisheries Society of Taiwan, 2004 - The Fisheries Society of TaiwanFour species of sea lice were found parasitic on ten species of marine fishes either cultured in the coastal ponds or occurring in the sea water supply canals in the Philippines. They are: Caligus epidemicus Hewitt, 1971 on Acanthurus mata Cuvier), Epinephelus coioides (Hamilton), Glossogobius celebius (Valenciennes), Liza parmata (Cantor), Lutjanus argentimaculatus (Forsskael), Monodactylus argenteus (Linnaeus), Oreochromis urolepis hornorum (Trewavas), Oreochromis mossambicus (Peters), Rachycentron canadum (Linnaeus), and Siganus guttatus (Bloch); Caligus quadratus Shiino, 1954 on L. argentimaculatus and S. guttatus; Lepeophtheirus sigani n. sp. on S. guttatus; and Pseudocaligus uniartus n. sp. on S. guttatus and L. argentimaculatus. These ten species of fishes are new host to C. epidemicus, except for O. mossambicu which has been reported to carry C. epidemicus from Taiwan. Caligus quadratus is new to the Philippines and the two species of fish harboring it are the new host. While L. sigani was found only on S. guttatus, P. uniartus was recovered mostly from S. guttatus, and C. quadratus, largely from L. argentimaculatus. Caligus epidemicus exhibits extremely low host specificity and was found on all species of fishes examined.
Semi-mass culture of the dinoflagellate Gymnodinium splendens as a live food source for the initial feeding of marine finfish larvae -
Hydrobiologia, 1997 - Springer VerlagA technique was developed for the semi-mass culture of the unarmored dinoflagellate, Gymnodinium splendens under laboratory conditions. A maximum cell density of 4600 to 6800 cells ml−1 was observed within 8 to 11 days of culture. An initial feeding test for 8 days with three important marine finfish larvae showed that red spotted grouper, Epinephelus akaara preferred G. splendens fed 200 cells ml−1 with 44% survival. The Japanese stripe knife jaw, Oplegnathus fasciatus, attained 22% survival fed a combination of G. splendens and rotifers (200 cells ml−1 and 5 ind. ml−1, respectively). Red sea bream, Pagrus major larvae did not respond well to the initial feeding of G. splendens alone. Red sea bream were observed to be solely dependent on rotifers (5 ind. ml−1) as initial food. Gymnodinium splendens may be used as a live food in the initial feeding of red spotted grouper larvae (E. akaara) to reduce mortality and to further enhance growth during the critical first few days of rearing.
Studies on the use of copepods in the semi-intensive seed production of grouper Epinephelus coioides - In CS Lee, PJ O'Bryen & NH Marcus (Eds.), Copepods in Aquaculture, 2005 - Blackwell PublishingPrevious studies by the authors have shown the feasibility of using copepods in the semi-intensive seed production of grouper Epinephelus coioides. Early-stage E. coioides larvae preferred to ingest copepod nauplii over rotifers, although their abundance is relatively low. Higher growth and survival were obtained in larvae provided with copepods than larvae fed with rotifers alone. In this study, the authors tested various fertilization techniques for the mass production of zooplankton in ponds. The zooplankton population increased from an initial density of 86–148 ind/L to 1,524–3,186 ind/L 9–12 days after flooding. Major zooplankton were identified as rotifers, copepods, including cyclopoid and harpacticoid spp., and cladocerans. The calanoid copepod Acartia tsuensis can be propagated in 1-ton tanks in mixed species of microalgae alone or in combination with baker’s yeast. Density of A. tsuensis increased from 60 ind/L at stocking to about 900 ind/L 3–5 days thereafter. A prototype collector for copepod eggs and nauplii was tested. The average daily numbers of eggs and nauplii collected varied (2,300–117,600), depending on the density of copepodids and adults in the holding container (1,000–8,000 ind/10-L container). Hatching rates of collected eggs ranged from 34 to 89%. Collected eggs may be stored at low temperature (4–10°C) for up to 7 days. Duration and viability of eggs stored at low temperature were highly affected by the presence of protozoans. A. tsuensis eggs survived freezing to –20°C (0.3–1.7%) only at the cleavage stage, suggesting the feasibility of cryopreservation. Use of pond grown zooplankton, particularly the calanoid copepods, for the seed production of grouper is discussed.
Winter distribution of phytoplankton and zooplankton around some sandbanks of the Belgian coastal zone -
Journal of Plankton Research, 1998 - Oxford University PressThe distribution of phytoplankton and zooplankton around three sandbanks (Gootebank, Westhinder and Buitenratel sandbank) off the Belgian Coast was investigated in February 1994. The abundance of phytoplankton taxa was significantly different between the sandbanks. Community analysis using TWINSPAN resulted in a clear separation of clusters corresponding to the different sandbanks. The zooplankton community analysis, on the contrary, showed a rather indistinctive division of the sandbank stations. This was due to the omnipresence of three dominant copepod species (Temora longicornis, Pseudocalanus elongatus and Centropages hamatus). When these species were excluded from the analysis, a clearer distinction between the different sandbanks was found. The observed differences in phyto- and zooplankton species distribution could be explained by the position of the sandbanks. Westhinder is positioned further from the coast than Buitenratel, while Gootebank has an intermediate position. Buitenratel and Gootebank harbour typical coastal plankton communities, while the plankton community over Westhinder is clearly influenced by the Atlantic current penetrating the southern North Sea from the English channel. More phyto-benthic species were found at Buitenratel than at Gootebank, probably because of its limited depth. Thus, the Belgian coastal zone, which is considered as one box in most spatial descriptions of the North Sea plankton, in fact harbours heterogeneous plankton communities at the end of winter.
Conference paper- In Conservation and Ecological Management of Philippine Lakes in Relation to Fisheries and Aquaculture: Proceedings … Seminar-Workshop held on October 21-23, 1997, INNOTECH, Commonwealth Ave., Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines, 2001 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development (PCAMRD), Department of Science and Technology; Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic ResourcesSustainable fisheries development partly depends on the availability of adequate zooplankton as principal food items of early life history stages of economically important fish species as well as of the adults of some species such as clupeids (e.g., Sardinella tawilis of Lake Taal in Batangas). The broad characteristics of the composition of freshwater zooplankton (Rotifera, Cladocera and Copepoda) of natural and man-made lakes in the Philippines are compared with those of the Oriental Region, in particular, and other tropical regions, in general. Two species of calanoid copepods are endemic, a somewhat remarkable occurrence considering that calanoids are represented by only five known species in the Philippines and absent in many large tropical lakes. Daphnia, which almost invariably influences food-web interactions and structures of plankton communities in temperate lakes, still has to be recorded.