Browsing by Author "Recente, Charlemagne P."
Effects of UV-treated sea water, chlorinated sea water, and formalin-treated copepods on survival and growth of newborn seahorses, Hippocampus comes SMA Buen-Ursua, T Azuma, CP Recente & RE Batatin -
The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 2011 - Society of Israeli Aquaculture and Marine Biotechnology (SIAMB)Seed production of the seahorse Hippocampus comes was examined using different types of sea water (UV-treated, chlorinated, sand-filtered), and formalin-treated copepod Pseudodiaptomous sp. as a food organism. Growth and survival of newborn seahorses (8.9±0.0 mm stretched height, 0.004 g) were monitored until day 30 after birth. Growth (stretched height and weight) was significantly higher (p<0.05) in UV-treated sea water (41.4±0.5 mm, 0.23±0.00 g) than in chlorinated (33.8±1.4 mm, 0.16±0.00 g) or sand-filtered (32.8±0.1 mm, 0.16±0.00 g) sea water. Survival was significantly higher in UV-treated (65.6±1.1%) and chlorinated (62.2±4.0%) sea water than in sand-filtered sea water (41.1±1.1%). Survival of seahorses fed 30 ppm formalin-treated copepods (95.3±1.8%) was significantly higher (p<0.05) than of seahorses fed untreated copepods (78.7±5.5%) on day 8. On day 15 survival was 78.7±9.68% in seahorses fed formalin-treated copepods and 0% in those fed untreated copepods. By day 30, survival of seahorses fed formalin-treated copepods was 64.7±9.82%. On the day of the final comparison (day 10), there was no difference in size between groups. Thus, the present study demonstrates that survival and growth of newborn seahorses is significantly improved in UV-treated water, and survival is markedly maintained by treating food organisms in formalin.
ArticleSubstrate preference for both burying and feeding of sandfish Holothuria scabra juveniles (3–6 g wet body weight) and their associated daily behavior, growth and survival were investigated in laboratory and field experiments using different coastal substrate types (silty mud, sandy mud, and coarse sand) to determine the ideal habitat for potential grow-out culture, sea ranching or stock enhancement of this important sea cucumber species. During the peak hours of burying (03:00–09:00 h) and feeding (15:00–03:00 h), a significantly greater number of sandfish juveniles preferred to bury in (28.3%) and feed on (21.5%) sandy mud, typical of intertidal coastal sand flats. Silty mud was the least preferred substrate for feeding (13.5%) and burying (13.8%). Burying and feeding preferences of sandfish juveniles were not significantly influenced by the presence of seagrass (Thalassia hemprichii) on coarse sand. Growth of sandfish juveniles in the first two weeks of rearing in tanks was significantly greater on coarse sand (growth rate: 0.59 g d−1 or 7.0% d−1), followed by sandy mud (0.34 g d−1 or 4.72% d−1) while OM content of these sediments remain almost unchanged. On silty mud, sandfish juveniles constantly shrunk (−0.02 g d−1 or −0.63% d−1) for 8 weeks while sediment OM content increased. In the field, silty mud substrate of a mangrove pond caused total mortality of sandfish within two weeks, while sandy mud substrate of a sand flat provided significantly higher growth than the control (no sediment), but not significantly different than coarse sand of a seagrass bed. Sandy mud to coarse sand substrates of intertidal sand flats were most preferred by sandfish juveniles while silty mud associated with muddy mangroves and culture ponds seems to be unsuitable that sandfish would opt to avoid. Our results will contribute to the selection of suitable sites for sandfish sea ranching and stock enhancement in coastal areas.