Now showing items 1416-1435 of 3185

    • Article

      Haliphthoros spp. from spawned eggs of captive mud crab, Scylla serrata, broodstocks 

      EM Leaño - Fungal Diversity, 2002 - Springer Verlag
      Monitoring of the fungal flora of spawned eggs of captive mud crab, Scylla serrata, was conducted in several hatchery runs at the Aquaculture Department of Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center in Iloilo, Philippines. Quantification of the egg mycoflora revealed the dominance of oomycetes, particularly Haliphthoros spp. among spawners which aborted their eggs prior to hatching. Two species of Haliphthoros (H. philippinensis and H. milfordensis) were identified from the 24 isolates collected. Haliphthoros milfordensis was the dominant species. Physiological studies on vegetative growth and sporulation of the two species show that H. philippinensis have wider optimal range for salinity and temperature requirements than H. milfordensis, especially in sporulation. The pathogenicity study showed that only H. milfordensis was pathogenic to spawned eggs of S. serrata, while H. philippinensis was not. Infection of S. serrata eggs by H. milfordensis was observed starting at two days after inoculation of zoospores with 2-5% infection rate, reaching up to 10% at five days post-inoculation.
    • Book

      Handbook of mangroves in the Philippines - Panay 

      JH Primavera, RB Sadaba, MJHL Lebata & JP Altamirano - 2004 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      A 106-page guide is a user-friendly presentation of technical botanical description and illustrations of Philippine mangrove species in Panay Island, Guimaras and Aurora Province. Vegetative and reproductive structures of 34 mangrove species that are readily observed in the field are emphasized and presented in color photographs and as graphic icons. Also discussed: importance of mangroves; mangrove decline and legislation; conservation and rehabilitation; and mangrove-friendly aquaculture.
    • Conference paper

      Handling and rearing of hatchery-produced shrimp postlarvae from small-scale hatchery 

      FD Apud - In Working Party on Small-Scale Shrimp/Prawn Hatcheries in Southeast Asia, Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia, 16-21 November 1981, 1982 - South China Sea Fisheries Development and Coordinating Programme
      This paper discusses the handling and rearing of hatchery-produced Penaeus post larvae. The survival and growth of hatchery produced fry and wild caught fry are discussed.
    • Conference paper

      Handling, storage and transport conditions of mud crabs in trading centers 

      JP Peralta & JPD Chan - In ET Quinitio, FD Parado-Estepa & RM Coloso (Eds.), Philippines : In the forefront of the mud crab industry development : proceedings of the 1st National Mud Crab Congress, 16-18 November 2015, Iloilo City, Philippines, 2017 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      This study aims to improve the handling, storage and transport conditions of mud crabs. The usual practice of the crab growers in the Philippines is to bring the market size crabs to middlemen, brokers or operators of small trading centers immediately after harvest; then the crabs are brought to municipal traders or operators of bigger buying station. The crabs are sent to the exporters in Manila or Cebu. The crabs are exported mostly to Singapore, Taiwan, Hongkong and mainland China. The crabs are classified based on the species, body weight, sex, gonad maturity and intactness of limbs. Crabs are rejected for export when they are soft-shelled, very lean, or have incomplete limbs and abnormalities. Crabs with emaciated muscle (‘hagas’), ammoniacal odor (strong urine-like smell) and in an undesirable state are also rejected.

      This paper presents the initial results of the project on the Improvement in the handling, storage and transport of mud crabs under Sub-program C entitled Improvement of Feeds and Stock Management Practices in Mud Crab Grow-out Culture under the National Mud Crab Science and Technology Program. It also presents issues and concerns on the present practices, and presents possible recommendations.
    • Book chapter

      Harmful and toxic algae 

      RD Caturao - In GD Lio-Po & Y Inui (Eds.), Health Management in Aquaculture, 2010 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      The chapter provides basic facts about harmful and toxic algae. It also discusses the conditions that stimulate their occurrence, different types of harmful and toxic algal blooms and their effects to fish and marine environment. The different strategies in coping with the problem of harmful and toxic algal blooms are also discussed.
    • Book chapter

      Harmful and toxic algae 

      R Caturao - In GD Lio-Po, CR Lavilla & ER Cruz-Lacierda (Eds.), Health Management in Aquaculture, 2001 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      The chapter provides basic facts about harmful and toxic algae. It also discusses the conditions that stimulate their occurrence, different types of harmful and toxic algal blooms and their effects to fish and marine environment. The different strategies in coping with the problem of harmful and toxic algal blooms are also discussed.
    • Article

      Harvesting Gracilariopsis heteroclada (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta) in Iloilo, Philippines 

      AQ Hurtado-Ponce - Philippine Journal of Science, 1993 - Science and Technology Information Institute
      Gracilariopsis heteroclada thalli were planted in a 1 m2 ditch along a drainage canal at Leganes, Iloilo, Philippines. Monthly growth rate and production were calculated to determine the effect of harvesting on the regeneration capacity of the plant. After 30-day growth period, all plants were harvested at 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% of the total available biomass. Though highest growth rate was observed at 100% (8.7%), it took three months for the plants to regenerate and obtain a considerable biomass. Positive growths were obtained when plants were harvested at 75% (5.6%) during the entire growth period. Negative growth rates observed both at 25 and 50% harvests.
    • Article

      Harvesting techniques for Nile tilapia fingerlings. 

      NS Tabbu, RB Lacierda & RV Eguia - Fisheries Research Journal of the Philippines, 1986 - Fisheries Research Society of the Philippines
      The experiment was conducted in nine-320m2 - freshwater ponds to evaluate various techniques of harvesting tilapia fry. Three treatments with three replicates each were used: harvesting by seining the fry (Treatment I), daily harvesting of fry in ponds using fine-mesh scoop net (Treatment II) and harvesting of fry from hapa net cages installed in ponds (Treatment III). All broodstock ponds were prepared, maintained uniformly and sustained through fertilization at recommended dose.

      Results of the two trials/experiments indicated that the recovery of fry in hapa net installed in ponds is far superior than the other two techniques but mortality in all treatments is not significant.

      Hapa cages are used here as a tool for easy management as well as mechanical aid to prevent predation of fry and cannibalism inherent if fish is directly stocked in ponds. Hapa also served as substrate for natural food and additional grazing areas for young tilapia fry which resulted in high recovery.
    • Meeting report

      Hatchery and pond culture of Macrobrachium rosenbergii in Northern Mindanao 

      HE Dejarme - 2005 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC/AQD)
    • Conference paper

      Hatchery management for the window-pane shell, Placuna placenta Linnaeus, 1758 

      JA Madrones-Ladja & MR de la Peña - In J Hylleberg (Ed.), Proceedings of the 10th International Congress and Workshop of the Tropical Marine Mollusc Programme (TMMP), 20-30 October 1999, 2000 - Phuket Marine Biological Center
      To relieve pressure on wild stock population, a hatchery technique for the window-pane shell, Placuna placenta Linnaeus has to be developed. A study was conducted to determine the suitable algal diet for P. placenta during gonad development and larval rearing. Sexually immature P. placenta broodstock were reared in the estuary or in tanks for four months. Tank-reared animals were fed daily mixture of Isochysis galbana (T-ISO) Parke and Tetraselmis tetrahele (G.S. West) at 100,000 cells/ml, 1:1 (100-I:T), or 200,000 cells/ml, 3:1 (200-3I:T) combinations. Monthly gonad histological examination showed that sexual maturity was attained by animals fed 200-3I:T diet after four months but not in 100-I:T. Estuary-reared broodstock had the highest gonad index among treatments after the first month, but did not reach sexual maturity until the end of the conditioning period. Sexually mature P. placenta from 200-3I:T fed-group spawned when exposed to UV light-irradiated seawater. One-day old larvae were reared in UV light-irradiated seawater until metamorphosis to plantigrade. Larvae were fed daily with monoalgal diet of I. galbana, T. tetrahele, or Chaetoceros calcitrans (Takano) at densities of 10,000-30,000 cells/ml. Larval settlement was observed in all diets after 14 days. Survival rate at metamorphosis was highest (12.60%) when diet of I. galbana was used, but lowest in T. tetrahele [5.1%) (P<0.05). Average shell length increment during the 14 days rearing period were 11.0, 11.38 and 9.92 µm day-1, for Isochrysis, Tetraselmis and Chaetoceros fed larvae, respectively.
    • Conference paper

      Hatchery management techniques for tiger-tail seahorse (Hippocampus comes) 

      SMB Ursua & T Azuma - In MRR Romana-Eguia, FD Parado-Estepa, ND Salayo & MJH Lebata-Ramos (Eds.), Resource Enhancement and Sustainable Aquaculture Practices in Southeast Asia: Challenges in Responsible Production … International Workshop on Resource Enhancement and Sustainable Aquaculture Practices in Southeast Asia 2014 (RESA), 2015 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Seahorse culture has been practiced throughout the world to meet the demand for global trade and reduce the pressure on wild stocks through overexploitation. Development of culture techniques for seed production of seahorses is one of the most effective measures to avoid such anthropological repercussions on the wild stocks, and is currently being conducted at SEAFDEC/ AQD with the aim to produce seed for stock release to protect these internationally threatened and overexploited species in Southeast Asia. This paper describes the breakthroughs in seahorse breeding and nursery rearing. So far, we have developed water and feeding management schemes that resulted in improved reproductive performance of broodstock and higher survival and growth rates in newborn and juvenile seahorses.

      We highlight the concern of providing desirable food organisms and maintenance of suitable water quality in order to maintain maximum efficiency in the management of the seahorse hatchery. Newborn seahorses fed with formalin-treated food organisms and reared in UV-treated seawater had significantly higher survival and daily growth rate based on stretched height and body weight than those fed with untreated food organisms and reared in both chlorinated and sand-filtered seawater. Broodstocks fed with mysid shrimps showed higher brood size and shorter parturition interval. Thus, improved reproductive performance as well as survival and growth of newborn seahorses were largely influenced by refinement of hatchery management techniques.
    • Book chapter

      Hatchery operations and management 

      MSR Licop - In Biology and culture of Penaeus monodon, 1988 - Aquaculture Department, SEAFDEC
      A review is made of hatchery technology regarding the culture of Penaeus monodon , describing the results of research in the following areas: site selection; hatchery design; larval rearing techniques, particularly in the development of live and artificial feed; water management; and, nursery practices for postlarvae.
    • magazineArticle

      Hatchery operators: voices heard randomly 

      AP Surtida - SEAFDEC Asian Aquaculture, 1999 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department
    • Article

      Hatchery production of Oreochromis niloticus L. at different sex ratios and stocking densities 

      AM Bautista, MH Carlos & AI San Antonio - Aquaculture, 1988 - Elsevier
      The influence of various sex ratios and stocking densities on hatchery production of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L., was studied in land-based (concrete tanks) and lake-based (hapa nets) systems. In both hatchery systems, egg and fry production was maximum at a sex ratio of 4:1 females to males and a density of 4 females per m2.

      Seed production varied significantly among treatments at different periods of the year. In concrete tanks, significantly high seed production of 12.98 and 11.77 eggs and fry per spawner per day was obtained in March and August, respectively. In hapa nets, irrespective of sex ratios, 10.18 seeds per spawner were collected daily in March.

      In relation to the broodstock density in concrete tanks, significantly bigger daily harvests of 13.41 and 13.00 eggs and fry per spawner were produced in late February and March, respectively. In hapa nets, daily harvests of 8.95 and 7.74 eggs and fry per spawner were the highest seed production levels which occurred in April and March, respectively.

      Seed production was significantly higher in concrete tanks than in hapa nets while insignificant differences (P>0.05) were found among sex ratio and broodstock density treatments.
    • Book

      Hatchery production of snubnose pompano Trachinotus blochii Lacepede 

      OS Reyes, EGT de Jesus-Ayson, FL Pedroso & MIC Cabanilla - 2014 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Series: Aquaculture extension manual; No. 56
      A 26-page extension manual describing the biology, broodstock acquisition & management, larval rearing, harvest & transport and prevention of diseases & parasites in hatchery production of pompano.
    • magazineArticle

      A hatchery rearing method for the mangrove red snapper 

      MT Castaños (Ed.) - SEAFDEC Asian Aquaculture, 1997 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
    • Article

      Hatchery rearing of sea bass Lates calcarifer Bloch 

      MM Parazo, DM Reyes Jr. & EM Avila - The Philippine Scientist, 1991 - Science and Technology Information Institute
      A hatchery rearing scheme for sea bass (Lates calcarifer Bloch) is described. Survival rate from hatching (d0) to harvest (d30) was 34%. Feeding sea bass fry with Chlorella-fed or Selco-enriched instar II Artemia from d19 to d23 resulted in similar survival rates (74%), total length (8.2 and 8.9 mm) and weight (8.9 and 12.1 mg) at d30. Although sea bass fry fed 2.5, 5 or 10 Artemia/ml/day from d14 to d20 exhibited similar survival rates (73-93%), fish were significantly larger as feed density increased (7.1, 8.2, 9.8 mm total length and 2.4, 4.3, 9.7 mg wet weight, respectively). The significance of this study lies in providing technical information on artificial production of sea bass fry.
    • magazineArticle

      Hatchery systems 

      J Carreon-Lagoc (Ed.) - Aqua Farm News, 1990 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department
    • magazineArticle

      Hatchery vs. wild fry 

      MT Castaños (Ed.) - Aqua Farm News, 1994 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department
    • Conference paper

      Hatchery, nursery and grow-out management of the Asian catfish Clarias macrocephalus 

      RF Bombeo - In Fishlink 2001, 29-31 May 2001, Sarabia Manor Hotel, Iloilo City, 2001 - University of the Philippines Aquaculture Society, Inc.
      The Asian catfish, Clarias macrocephalus is a native but fast disappearing species in the Philippines. It is locally named as hito to Tagalogs, paltat to Ilocanos, pantat to Cebuanos and Ilongos, and Ito to Pampangueños. They are called catfishes because they posses whisker-like structure near their mouth called barbells. Among the Clarias species Clarias macrocephalus is preferred because of its tender and delicious meat.

      Many people believed that the disappearance of the native catfish is due to interbreeding with Thai catfish, Clarias batrachus and the rampant use of pesticides in the ricefields that "poison" the breeding grounds of this species. At SEAFDEC/AQD, standardized techniques were developed in the laboratory for breeding and seed production of this species. Verification studies are on going on nursery techniques in tanks and ponds and grow out culture in ponds.

      The topics to be discussed are mostly based on SEAFDEC's research studies and hands-on experiences on the native catfish Clarias macrocephalus.