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Zooplankton distribution during winter using Two-Way Indicator Species Analysis (TWINSPAN) and Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CANOCO). Spatial distribution and community structure of zooplankton species and its relationships with the environmental parameters (temperature, salinity, and turbidity and phytoplankton distribution) in some sandbanks of the Belgian coastal zone was carried out by the use of Two-Way Indicator Species Analysis (TWINSPAN) and Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CANOCO). There were 49 zooplankters identified all over the three sandbanks. Crustaceans was the most dominant sub-phyla represented mostly by copepods. Other members of plankton community were also present like cladocera, appendicularia, pteropoda and the larger omnivores and carnivores such as hyperiid, amphipod, chaetognath, ctenophore and fish larvae. TWINSPAN did not show a distinct division of the sandbank stations because of the presence of three dominant copepod species (Temora longicornis, Pseudocalanus elongatus and Centropages hamatus) in the three sandbanks. Canonical correspondence analysis (CANOCO) showed that species distribution of zooplankton was significantly affected by the environmental variables. This was due to lower salinity values observed around Buitenratel sandbank than Gootebank and Westhinder sandbanks. Two-Way Indicator Species Analysis analyzed spatial distribution and community structure of zooplankton species over the three sandbanks of the Belgian coastal zone based on species abundance. Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CANOCO) on the other hand, gave an idea on how far these subgroups were related to environmental variables.
Conference paper- In Conservation and Ecological Management of Philippine Lakes in Relation to Fisheries and Aquaculture: Proceedings … Seminar-Workshop held on October 21-23, 1997, INNOTECH, Commonwealth Ave., Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines, 2001 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development (PCAMRD), Department of Science and Technology; Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic ResourcesSustainable fisheries development partly depends on the availability of adequate zooplankton as principal food items of early life history stages of economically important fish species as well as of the adults of some species such as clupeids (e.g., Sardinella tawilis of Lake Taal in Batangas). The broad characteristics of the composition of freshwater zooplankton (Rotifera, Cladocera and Copepoda) of natural and man-made lakes in the Philippines are compared with those of the Oriental Region, in particular, and other tropical regions, in general. Two species of calanoid copepods are endemic, a somewhat remarkable occurrence considering that calanoids are represented by only five known species in the Philippines and absent in many large tropical lakes. Daphnia, which almost invariably influences food-web interactions and structures of plankton communities in temperate lakes, still has to be recorded.