Now showing items 1-6 of 6

    • Article

      Comparison of various water replenishment and fertilization schemes in brackishwater milkfish ponds 

      I Bombeo-Tuburan - Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 1989 - Blackwell Publishing
      The study was undertaken to determine the optimum combination of the frequency of water replenishment and fertilization that can yield the highest growth, survival, and gross production of milkfish. Results indicated that mean body weight and survival were not significantly different (P > 0.05) among the treatments. Gross fish production was higher in biweekly fertilization if considered as a single factor. However, when this was in combination with the weekly or biweekly water replenishment, similar gross fish production was attained. In any case, because biweekly fertilization has a better effect than a weekly schedule, the former should be used in combination with any other level of replenishment. A weekly water replenishment, however, is impractical in big pond areas of 5–10 ha compartments which are still common in some milkfish ponds in the Philippines. Therefore, biweekly water replenishment and fertilization with 16–20–0 at 50 kg ha-1 would be reasonable.
    • Article

      Culture and economics of wild grouper (Epinephelus coioides) using three feed types in ponds 

      I Bombeo-Tuburan, EB Coniza, EM Rodriguez & RF Agbayani - Aquaculture, 2001 - Elsevier
      The performance of wild Epinephelus coioides juveniles was compared by feeding with live tilapia juveniles, fish by-catch, and formulated diet for 5 months in grow-out ponds. To minimize cannibalism, the groupers were graded into small (BW=24.9±7.3 g), medium (45.8±5.7 g), and large (84.1±30.0 g) size groups as block in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) and reared in nine 350-m2 ponds. To supply the tilapia juveniles, adult tilapia were grown 2 months prior to stocking of grouper at a rate of 15 tilapia/grouper. Grouper fed by-catch were significantly higher (P<0.01) than the other treatments in terms of final length and total production. The quality of by-catch could be gleaned by its efficient feed conversion ratio (FCR) of 1.0 (dry basis), significantly better (P<0.01) than the formulated diet that had an FCR of 2.8. Using by-catch, 47% of the harvest weighed >400 g and only 14% was classified <200 g. The cost of juvenile grouper and feeds represented 88–89% of the total investment in all treatments. Economic sensitivity analysis showed that a combination of improvement in factors such as price of grouper juveniles, feeds, yield, survival, and FCR would result in higher return-on-investment (ROI). When cost and returns were considered, feeding juveniles with by-catch was more profitable because it resulted in net income of Php 361,623/ha/year, an ROI of 155%, and a payback period of 0.4 year. The results clearly show that these economic indicators appear to be attractive, thus making grouper pond culture using by-catch a viable industry. More research efforts should, however, be directed towards developing a cost-effective formulated diet for the grow-out culture of E. coioides.
    • Article

      The effect of stunting on growth, survival, and net production of milkfish (Chanos chanos Forsskal) 

      I Bombeo-Tuburan - Aquaculture, 1988 - Elsevier
      The seasonal abundance of milkfish fry in the Philippines has led to the practice of buying a sufficient supply during the peak season to compensate for the shortage during slack periods. Fry that are not immediately grown out are crowded and stunted in transition ponds until they are transferred to rearing ponds. Milkfish farmers believe that stunted fingerlings grow faster than newly grown ones and therefore yield extra croppings. To assess the efficiency of production schemes, stunted and non-stunted milkfish fingerlings were cultured in twelve 144-m2 ponds for a 3-month period. The treatments employed were: Treatment I, 2-month-old fingerlings; Treatment II, 3-month-old fingerlings; and Treatment III, 6-month-old fingerlings, with the initial weights of 3.3 g, 7.8 g, and 43.1 g, respectively. Survival, netproduction, cumulative and monthly weight gains did not differ significantly (P > 0.05) among the three treatments. The results indicate that stunting did not illicit a significant increase, nor did it adversely affect the growth, survival, and netproduction of milkfish in a straight culture system. Stunting can therefore be practised by farmers to provide an adequate supply of fingerlings for year-round operation.
    • Article

      Evaluation of organic and inorganic fertilizers in brackishwater milkfish ponds 

      I Bombeo-Tuburan, RF Agbayani & PF Subosa - Aquaculture, 1989 - Elsevier
      The study was conducted in twelve 144-m2 ponds to evaluate the effect of different organic and inorganic fertilizers on the growth, survival, gross production, and profitability of marketable milkfish. The following treatments were used: Treatment I, SEAFDEC traditional fertilization practice (16-20-0 at 50 kg/ha and 45-0-0 at 15 kg/ha); Treatment II, half-dosage of Treatment I; Treatment III, chicken manure at 0.5 ton/ha; and Treatment IV, MASA (processed from agricultural and industrial wastes) fertilizer at 0.5 ton/ha. All treatments were applied once in every 2 weeks.

      No significant difference (P > 0.05) existed in the harvest and production of milkfish among the treatments. However, economic indicators such as return-on-investment (ROI), payback period, and marginal analysis ranked the performance of the fertilizer treatments in the order of I, II, III and IV.

      Fish kills occurred in three ponds applied with chicken manure and MASA fertilizer. This could have been due to a heavy build-up of organic matter in the pond bottom which led to the collapse of the benthic algal community, depletion of dissolved oxygen and the presence of hydrogen sulfide. It is therefore suggested that a lower dosage of organic fertilizer should be applied in ponds especially during the rainy season.
    • Conference paper

      Nursery and grow-out operation and management of milkfish 

      I Bombeo-Tuburan & DD Gerochi - In JV Juario & LV Benitez (Eds.), Seminar on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia, 8-12 September 1987, Iloilo City, Philippines, 1988 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      This paper reviews the results of studies on the pond culture of milkfish Chanos chanos Forsskal at the SEAFDEC Leganes Brackishwater Station, Leganes, Iloilo since its establishment in 1973. Substantial contribution on the nursery system includes increased stocking density and survival through the use of nylon substrates, supplemental feeding with rice bran, the use of hatchery-reared and stunted fingerlings as alternative sources of stocks, and improvements in the acclimation process. Studies on monoculture and polyculture in grow-out ponds investigated the use of stunted fingerlings, kitchen or algal nursery ponds, stock manipulation techniques, increased stocking density using the plankton method, method frequency and quantity of fertilization, modular pond culture system, and initial findings on fish diseases. Constraints setting back increased production in the Philippines are discussed.