Now showing items 1-14 of 14

    • Conference paper

      Community-based stock enhancement of abalone, Haliotis asinina in Sagay marine reserve: Achievements, limitations and directions 

      ND Salayo, RJG Castel, RT Barrido, DHM Tormon & T Azuma - In K Hajime, T Iwata, Y Theparoonrat, N Manajit & VT Sulit (Eds.), Consolidating the Strategies for Fishery Resources Enhancement in Southeast Asia. Proceedings of the Symposium … Strategy for Fisheries Resources Enhancement in the Southeast Asian Region, Pattaya, Thailand, 27-30 July 2015, 2016 - Training Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      The Sagay Marine Reserve (SMR) under the National Integrated Protected Area System (NIPAS) is one of the many reef areas in the Visayan Sea in the central part of the Philippine archipelago. The SMR covers 32,000 ha or 59% of coastal waters north of the mainland Sagay City. Donkey’s ear abalone is one of the most sought mollusks traded by small-scale fishers in Molocaboc Island located within the SMR. High buying prices in local and international markets compared with other fish catch motivated fishers to target abalone and caused its overfishing. SEAFDEC/AQD, with support from the Government of Japan Trust Fund (JTF), conducted a community-based stock enhancement through a tri-party collaboration between the fisherfolks of Molocaboc Island, the Sagay local government at the village and city levels, and SEAFDEC/AQD. The study showed that the decision and implementation of stock enhancement and the definition of its objectives and relevance involves the strong engagement with stakeholders. For over a period of eight years (2007-2014), we learned that stock enhancement necessarily involve high financial investments and enormous transaction cost over a long period of time which are often not affordable to local governments of coastal communities in Southeast Asia. Thus, community-based collaborations may help achieve enhancement and restocking goals.
    • Financial analysis 

      ND Salayo & DHM Tormon - In Training Handbook on Rural Aquaculture, 2009 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
    • Governance and co-management strategies 

      RF Agbayani & ND Salayo - In Training Handbook on Rural Aquaculture, 2009 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
    • Legal regulatory framework, policies and issues 

      ND Salayo - In Training Handbook on Rural Aquaculture, 2009 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      This chapter on the formulation of legal regulatory framework and policies is intended to complement governance of fisheries and aquaculture systems and enable effective practice of rural aquaculture in developing countries in Southeast Asia (SEA).
    • Article

      Managing excess capacity in small-scale fisheries: Perspectives from stakeholders in three Southeast Asian countries 

      ND Salayo, L Garces, M Pido, K Viswanathan, R Pomeroy, M Ahmed, I Siason, K Seng & A Masae - Marine Policy, 2008 - Elsevier
      The management of fishing capacity--in both inland and marine fisheries--is a major policy concern in most countries in Southeast Asia. Excess capacity leads to a number of negative impacts, such as resource use conflicts, overfishing, environmental degradation, economic wastage, and security threats. This paper presents the results of a regional study that examined various approaches to managing excess fishing capacity in small-scale fisheries in Southeast Asia. More specifically, the paper presents an analysis of perceptions of stakeholders in Cambodia, Philippines and Thailand regarding preferred solutions to addressing excess capacity. The paper concludes with a discussion of policy guidance for addressing excess fishing capacity based on the stakeholder-preferred solutions.
    • Article

      Managing fisheries conflicts through communication planning: Experience from inland fisheries of Bangladesh 

      K Murshed-e-Jahan, ND Salayo & U Kanagaratnam - Fisheries Research, 2009 - Elsevier
      Increasing population, ineffective management, competition among fishing gears over access to resources and proliferation of destructive practices are imposing severe stress on the inland water bodies of Bangladesh. These factors also contribute to the increasing incidence of conflicts among fishery stakeholders. When unabated, these conflicts are potential threats to the livelihoods of millions of the poorest fishing communities that depend on these resources. Effective communication between conflicting parties is perceived as a key for establishing successful negotiations for managing conflicts. On this premise, this paper presents and assesses a Fisheries Conflicts Communication Framework, henceforth called FishCom, a tool for developing plans and strategies for managing fisheries conflicts in the inland fisheries of Bangladesh. This tool embodies a structured participatory process intended for use by policy-makers and conflict management practitioners. They have important roles in catalyzing and effecting changes that are instrumental in minimizing, if not totally eliminating conflicts. Experiences from applying FishCom in the inland fisheries study sites in Bangladesh show that it has enabled a systematic stakeholder-inclusive identification and evaluation of fisheries conflicts and planning of communication interventions to manage them.
    • Article

      Mariculture development and livelihood diversification in the Philippines 

      ND Salayo, ML Perez, LR Garces & MD Pido - Marine Policy, 2012 - Elsevier
      This paper aims to evaluate mariculture as sustainable livelihood diversification option for coastal fishers in the Philippines and guide policy development in this direction. Mariculture in the Philippines refers to the culture of finfishes, shellfish, seaweeds and other commodities in cages, pens, stakes and rafts in marine environment. This paper evaluates the biophysical and socioeconomic contexts in which mariculture operate. Ten years after launching the first mariculture park organized and managed by the country's government fishery agency, and the nationwide promotion of this program, only 273 ha or 0.54% of the 50,150 ha total area planned for development has been established. Mariculture has not met its expected results due to a number of problems. This paper revisits the policies, organization, governance and administration of mariculture parks in the country. It also discusses the issues and challenges with mariculture as a livelihood diversification option within the context of ecosystems approach to fisheries management in the Philippines.
    • magazineArticle

      Meeting social and economic challenges in Southeast Asian aquaculture: Targeting rural aquaculture development for poverty alleviation 

      ND Salayo, DB Baticados, EV Aralar & BO Acosta - Fish for the People, 2012 - SEAFDEC Secretariat
      In 2010, five Southeast Asian countries led by Vietnam and followed by Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar, and the Philippines, have successfully joined the ranks of the world’s top 10 producers of food fish from aquaculture. Taking into account aquaculture production in general which includes seaweeds, the region’s production from aquaculture had contributed more than 45% to the region’s total fishery production, about 24% to the world’s production from aquaculture, and about 10% to the world’s total fishery production in 2010. As shown in the statistics reports, most of the aforementioned countries recorded double-digit growth rates in aquaculture production from 2006 to 2010, ranging from 18 to 62 percent. Another milestone in the fisheries sector of the region is the engagement of about 11 million people in aquaculture and its ancillary industries. In spite of these figures, the region’s rural areas where aquaculture development is taking giant strides remain the most impoverished groups in most countries of Southeast Asia. In an attempt to address this concern, SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department compiled the results of the implementation of its program on Meeting Social and Economic Challenges in Aquaculture which had been tried in local setting in the Philippines, with the objective of developing aquaculture technology adoption pathways that could be promoted in the other Southeast Asian countries with the same conditions as those in study sites in the Philippines, as means of alleviating poverty in rural areas.
    • Book

      Milkfish Chanos chanos cage culture operations 

      AG Gaitan, JD Toledo, MT Arnaiz, EGD Ayson, JP Altamirano, RF Agbayani, ND Salayo & CL Marte - 2014 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Series: Aquaculture extension manual; No. 58
      A 42-pages extension manual describing the biology, fingerling production, site selection, cage design and construction, measurement & analysis of water & sediment quality parameters and economic analysis.
    • Book chapter

      Milkfish marketing in the Philippines 

      ND Salayo - In IC Liao & EM Leaño (Eds.), Milkfish aquaculture in Asia, 2010 - National Taiwan University; The Fisheries Society of Taiwan; Asian Fisheries Society; World Aquaculture Society
      Milkfish produced from aquaculture is one of the most traded fish in local markets and it also provides export earnings for the Philippines. Annual per capita consumption of milkfish among Filipinos is 4 kg which comprise the major portion of the 25 kg annual intake of all types of fresh fish. Increasing milkfish production from aquaculture constitutes the strategies for securing fish food supply, especially for the growing middle- and low-income households. However, there are diverging analyses and criticisms on the effectiveness and performance of the milkfish industry in improving access to fish and protein sources among the poor in the Philippines. The generally increasing volumes of milkfish production due to improved technologies are indeed desirable. But higher levels of production does not guaranty the availability and access to fish food supply, especially in geographically dispersed production and consumption centers around the archipelago. Efficiency in marketing perishable fishery products is a crucial factor to ensure availability of safe and fresh milkfish in deficit areas. This review of milkfish marketing literature showed that meeting the milkfish demand-supply gaps, in geographic and temporal sense, is an immediate market objective for the Philippines. The spatial and inter-temporal variations in production volumes influence investment decisions on infrastructures and other public support systems. There is enormous challenge for the industry in view of the declining productivity of capture fisheries, the emerging preference for organic food and value-added forms arising from socio-cultural transformations and lifestyle changes among consumers. This chapter elaborates on the potentials of the milkfish industry by presenting the challenges for traders who should deal with the issues on the demand side of the market; and the challenges for milkfish farmers and processors who should act on the supply side. The constraints and corresponding strategies to meet potentials are also discussed.
    • magazineArticle

      Price index for milkfish: An info tip for producers and consumers 

      ND Salayo - SEAFDEC Asian Aquaculture, 2002 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department
    • Article

      Price relationships in Philippine milkfish markets: Univariate and causality analysis 

      ND Salayo - Aquaculture Economics and Management, 2006 - International Association of Aquaculture Economics and Management (IAAEM)
      Uncertainties and lack of information on milkfish product prices, along with production-related problems with inputs, generally constrain efficient resource use in milkfish grow-out operations. Milkfish growers complain of fluctuating product prices such that when output price is low, they refrain from investing in inputs and technologies recommended to boosts production. The industry wants to know the state and behavior of milkfish prices. ARIMA models showed instantaneous price relationships between monthly wholesale prices in Manila and the regional producing areas. The cross-correlations of the error terms of the ARIMA models showed that prices in Manila are related with Lucena, Dagupan, Iloilo, and Zamboanga prices, but not with Cebu. Seasonal price indexes are higher (> 1) from December to May and lower (< 1) from June to November. Milkfish grow-out operators may benefit from understanding these patterns of price movements.
    • Conference paper

      Social preparations towards community-based approach to stock enhancement in Sagay Marine Reserve, Philippines 

      ND Salayo, RJG Castel, DHM Tormon, RT Barrido, MFJ Nievales & T Azuma - In MRR Romana-Eguia, FD Parado-Estepa, ND Salayo & MJH Lebata-Ramos (Eds.), Resource Enhancement and Sustainable Aquaculture Practices in Southeast Asia: Challenges in Responsible Production … International Workshop on Resource Enhancement and Sustainable Aquaculture Practices in Southeast Asia 2014 (RESA), 2015 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Stock enhancement involves a set of management approaches which include the release of hatchery-produced aquatic organisms to enhance or restore fisheries. Stock enhancement of various species has a long history in developed countries and it showed that releases have the potential to yield substantial benefits for various fishery stakeholders. While the biological objectives of stock enhancement were often successfully achieved in most of these enhancement initiatives, some results showed that actual social gains in terms of yields, distribution of benefits and institutional sustainability are often inconclusive. The high cost of stocking accrues to the government which means these are supported by public funds. Meanwhile, benefits are dissipated across various stakeholders, some of them did not at all contribute and participate in the stocking program. In such government-initiated and publicly-funded stock enhancement programs, the lack of sense of stewardship among direct fishery stakeholders was observed to have contributed to a vicious cycle of excessive extraction of fishery resources for individual economic benefits.

      Developing countries such as the Philippines would be confronted by budgetary limitations if it has to adopt the stocking strategies applied in developed countries. Thus, with reference to the success of co-management approaches for managing fishery resources in the Philippines, a community-based strategy for enhancement of fishery stocks was explored. SEAFDEC/AQD, with support from the Government of Japan Trust Fund, initiated a community-based approach to stock enhancement in Molocaboc, an island barangay or village within the Sagay Marine Reserve (SMR). The initiative aims to ensure that its goals and strategies are within the social milieu of local stakeholders, i.e. fisherfolks are without financial assets to contribute or pay for the enhancement of the fishery and stock enhancement is often not a priority approach to address fishery resource depletion for most local governments. However, the social assets of fishing communities could be explored to implement stock enhancement. This paper describes the social preparation executed from 2007 to 2011 in order to orient a fishing community such as Molocaboc towards a successful enhancement of overfished species. Initially, the project focused on donkey s ear abalone Haliotis asinina to provide an example for other species. Abalone or kapinan in the vernacular is one of the over-extracted fishery resources in Sagay City. It is one of the high-priced catch among fishers in coastal communities in the Philippines. High buying prices compared with other fish catch motivated small-scale fishers to target abalones and caused its overfishing.