Now showing items 1-4 of 4

    • Article

      Economic assessment of commercial hatchery production of milkfish (Chanos chanos Forsskal) fry 

      LMB Garcia, RF Agbayani, MN Duray, GV Hilomen-Garcia, AC Emata & CL Marte - Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 1999 - John Wiley and Sons
      The economic viabilities of two types of commercial hatchery milkfish (Chanos chanos) fry operations were assessed and compared. Based on the actual cost of input, the physical facilities, and the potential production yields, four commercial hatcheries previously used for shrimp (Penaeus monodon fry production were classified as either largeor smallscale operations. Cost-return analysis revealed high profits for both types of operation. The return on investment (54-61 %) and the payback period ( approximately 1.5 years) were comparable between the two types, although a large-scale operation (476 %) had double the working capital return of a small-scale hatchery (221 %). Benefit-cost analysis over a 5-year period also revealed positive and above-baseline discounted economic indicators [net current value = 0.2-2.2 million Philippine Pesos (1 US Dollar = 25 Philippine Pesos); internal rate of return = 88-107 %]. The net benefit-cost ratio of a large-scale operation (2.0) was higher than that of a small-scale hatchery (1.4), suggesting a slight edge in the investment viability of a large-scale hatchery. Compared with a large-scale operation, a small-scale hatchery was more sensitive to changes in the acquisition price of eggs or newly-hatched larvae and in the price of selling hatchery fry. Both types of operation are viable nonetheless when the acquisition cost is P6000 per million eggs or larvae and hatchery fry are sold at P0.50 each. Together, profit and investment in milkfish hatchery fry production appear viable, making milkfish an alternative commodity for production in many abandoned shrimp hatcheries. The limited availability of spawned eggs and larvae for rearing and the quality of hatchery fry are issues requiring urgent attention.
    • Technical Report

      A guide to the establishment and maintenance of milkfish broodstock 

      CL Marte, GF Quinitio, LMB Garcia & FJ Lacanilao - 1984 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development
      Series: Technical report / SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department; no. 11
      The manual describes methods used at the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department in order to establish milkfish broodstock. It is presented under the following major section headings: Establishing broodstock farms; Farms for rearing bangus juveniles; Maturation cages for rearing broodstock to maturity; Gathering data; Spawning and egg collection; and Larval rearing.
    • Book

      Management of milkfish broodstock 

      AC Emata, CL Marte & LMB Garcia - 1992 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Series: Aquaculture extension manual; No. 20
      The manual on milkfish (Chanos chanos) broodstock management covers the following topics: reproductive biology; sources of broodstock; holding facilities for broodstock; feeding; determination of gonadal development; spawning and egg collection; transport of spawned eggs; determination of percent viable eggs; and determination of hatching rate.
    • Book

      Sea bass hatchery operations. 

      MM Parazo, LMB Garcia, FG Ayson, AC Fermin, JME Almendras, DM Reyes Jr., EM Avila & JD Toledo - 1998 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Series: Aquaculture extension manual; No. 18
      The manual addresses sea bass (Lates calcarifer) fry production in the hatchery. It describes the principles and practical procedures for rearing sea bass - from eggs until metamorphosis - as practiced by the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department in Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines. It is presented under the following main section headings: General principles; biology; Selecting a suitable site; Design - tank systems, seawater supply system, freshwater supply system, aeration system, other facilities; Broodstock - source of breeders, breeding techniques; Egg collection, transport and hatching; Larval rearing - stocking density, feed types and feeding management, water management size-grading of larvae; Harvest and transport of fry; and, Propagation of larval food - Chorella, Brachionus, Artemia, Moina.