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    • Article

      Dietary crude protein requirement of Tilapia nilotica fry 

      CB Santiago, M Bañes-Aldaba & MA Laron - Kalikasan: The Journal of Philippine Biology, 1982 - University of the Philippines at Los Baños
      Tilapia fry were stocked at three per liter in wooden tank compartments or glass aquaria filled with 50 or 35 l of fresh water in three separate feeding trials. The fry were fed isocaloric practical diets containing 20, 25, 30, and 35% crude protein at 15% of fish biomass daily for seven weeks in the first tow trials. Another set of diets containing 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, and 50% crude protein were fed to fry for eight weeks in trial 3.

      Although treatment means were not significantly different (P< 0.05), weight gains of the fry in trials 1 and 2 were related directly to increasing crude protein levels up to 35%. Weight gain in trial 3, however, was significantly high (P < 0.05) at 35% protein level. Moreover, maximum increases in total length and most efficient feed conversions were invariably attained at 35% protein. Higher protein levels gave much poorer growth. Survival rate at 35% protein was significantly high (P < 0.05) compared to 20% (trial 1) or 30% (trial 2) protein level. In trial 3, survival at 35% protein was not significantly different from all other treatments. Maximum growth, best feed conversion, and high survival were attained with the 35% protein diets.
    • Article

      Effect of artificial diets on growth and survival of milkfish fry in fresh water 

      CB Santiago, M Bañes-Aldaba & ET Songalia - Aquaculture, 1983 - Elsevier
      Wild milkfish fry (mean weight = 15 mg) were reared in fresh water for 5 weeks using four artificial dry diets, Moina, or blended water hyacinth leaves as feed. The fry fed with artificial diets attained 83–95% mean survival rates and 0.16–0.18 g mean weight gains. Those fed with Moina and blended water hyacinth leaves had much lower growth and survival. The four dry diets containing 40% crude protein appeared adequate for the fry. Substitution of up to 5% crude protein by soybean meal and/or ipil-ipil leaf meal did not affect growth, but diets containing ipil-ipil leaf meal gave slightly lower survival rates.