Now showing items 1-11 of 11

    • Article

      Acceptability of territorial use rights in fisheries: towards community-based management of small-scale fisheries in the Philippines 

      SV Siar, RF Agbayani & JB Valera - Fisheries Research, 1992 - Elsevier
      The granting of territorial use rights in fisheries (TURFs) to fisherfolk associations, similar to that practiced in Japan, is recommended as a management tool for small-scale fisheries in the Philippines. This study, carried out to determine the acceptability of the practice under Philippine conditions, was conducted among 211 coastal dwellers of five municipalities in Panay Island, Central Philippines. Respondents of the survey generally perceived the practice of TURFs as acceptable as it would lead to an improvement of their catch. Results suggest that the respondents' present predicament of inadequacy of catch to support their livelihood is the starting point for introduction of the rationale for community-based management of coastal marine resources.
    • Article

      Change in Aplaya: resource use and responses to changing markets among fisherfolk in Honda Bay, Palawan 

      SV Siar - Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society, 2003 - University of San Carlos Publications
    • Conference paper

      Conflict in small-scale fisheries: a case study of Malalison Island, Philippines 

      SV Siar - In LM Chou, AD Munro, TJ Lam, TW Chen, LKK Cheong, JK Ding, KK Hooi, HW Khoo, VPE Phang, KF Shim & CH Tan (Eds.), The Third Asian Fisheries Forum. Proceedings of the Third Asian Fisheries Forum, 26-30 October 1992, Singapore, 1994 - Asian Fisheries Society
      This paper provides a framework of conflict in small-scale fisheries and presents a case study of an island community in central Philippines. The following sources of conflict were identified: destruction of fishing gears, destructive fishing practices, and encroachment of commercial fishers into municipal waters. Mechanisms for resolution were found at the individual, group, village, and municipal levels.
    • Article

      Exploitation of the window-pane shell Placuna placenta in the Philippines 

      WG Gallardo, SV Siar & V Encena II - Biological Conservation, 1995 - Elsevier
      The window-pane shell Placuna placenta or 'kapis' has great economic importance in the Philippines. The translucent shell is used in the manufacture of lampshades and other shellcraft items exported to Europe, USA and Japan. Due to its high demand, excessive and uncontrolled gathering of kapis has been noted over the past years. Its possible depletion has been a concern; thus, a nationwide survey on the status of the fishery was conducted in 1993. There are 27 kapis beds in the Philippines, six of which are considered the major sources of kapis shells. Kapis shells are gathered by (1) handpicking (in shallow areas); (2) compressor diving (in deeper areas); and (3) dredging. Because of open access to the fishery, anybody can exploit the resource. Kapis stocks are declining in most beds, while in others they are already low as a result of excessive gathering, pollution, siltation, and destructive methods of fishing such as trawling. To prevent further depletion, establishment of sanctuaries, bans on trawling and other destructive means of fishing, strict enforcement of existing regulations, community-based fishery management, and further research on seed production, restocking, and transplantation are recommended.
    • Article

      Knowledge, gender, and resources in small-scale fishing: The case of Honda Bay, Palawan, Philippines 

      SV Siar - Environmental Management, 2003 - Springer Verlag
      The coastal zone is a place of intense activity where resources, users, and resource-use practices interact. This case study of small-scale fisheries in Honda Bay, Palawan, Philippines shows that resources, space, and gender are intertwined. The study was conducted between June 1997 and July 1998. The data were gathered using free listing, pile sort, ranking, resource mapping, and key informant interviews. The results showed that women's knowledge about fishery resources and their fishing activities are associated with the intertidal zone whereas men's knowledge is associated with coral reefs. In classifying fishery resources, appearance is the main consideration for women whereas a combination of appearance, habitat, and type of fishing gear is the consideration used by men. Market price is very important because of its dependence on the demand of the export market as well as the local market. Women dominate the buying of fishery products. Many women market their husband's catch, process fish, or gather shells and sea cucumber for sale. Among the fishing households, type of fishing gear provides an indication of socioeconomic standing. This paper concludes that access to resources is shaped by gender and age. The differences in resource knowledge possessed by men and women lead to differential access to fishery resources. In addition, the differences in socioeconomic status also influence resource access. The socialization of children into fishing reinforces the gender division of labor and space in the coastal zone.
    • Article

      Participation of women in oyster and mussel farming in Western Visayas, Philippines 

      SV Siar, GP Samonte & AT Espada - Aquaculture Research, 1995 - Blackwell Publishing
      This paper provides baseline information on the involvement of women in small-scale coastal aquaculture such as the farming of slipper oyster, Crassostrea iredalei (Faustino 1933), and green mussel, Perna viridis (Linnaeus 1758). Data were gathered during a socio-economic survey of oyster and mussel farming in Western Visayas, Philippines conducted from July to December 1991.There were 175 respondents interviewed; 18.5% and 2.4% of oyster and mussel farmers were females. Fishing and related activities were the major source of livelihood for the majority of oyster and mussel farmers. In 1990, 79.4% and 69.8% of oyster and mussel farmers earned an annual income of less than P30 000 (1 USS P23). Based on the 1988 (latest data available) poverty threshold of P2654 (monthly) for Western Visayas, 80.4% and 71.7% of oyster and mussel farmers lived below poverty level in 1990. of 175 respondents. 79.3% and 48.2% of oyster and mussel farmers indicated that their household members participated in farming activities. More female household members were involved in oyster farming compared with mussel farming. Harvesting in mussel farming and both harvesting and marketing in oyster farming generated the widest participation among female household members.
    • Conference paper

      Problems encountered in the implementation of a community-based fishery resources management project 

      RF Agbayani & SV Siar - In RS Pomeroy (Ed.), Community Management and Common Property of Coastal Fisheries in Asia and the Pacific: Concepts, Methods and … Resources in Asia and the Pacific: Concepts, Methods and Experiences, Silang, Cavite, Philippines, 21-23 June 1993, 1994 - International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management
      The article highlights the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department's (Philippines) Community-based Fishery Resource Management Project activities. Several problems encountered in project implementation and the suggested ways in dealing these problems are also presented.
    • Conference paper

      Socio-economics of oyster and mussel farming in Western Visayas, Philippines 

      GPB Samonte, SV Siar, RS Ortega & LT Espada - In LM Chou, AD Munro, TJ Lam, TW Chen, LKK Cheong, JK Ding, KK Hooi, HW Khoo, VPE Phang, KF Shim & CH Tan (Eds.), The Third Asian Fisheries Forum. Proceedings of the Third Asian Fisheries Forum, 26-30 October 1992, Singapore, 1994 - Asian Fisheries Society
      Among the economically important bivalves, the slipper oyster (Crassostrea iredalei) and green mussel (Perna viridis) are predominantly being farmed in the Philippines. Oyster and mussel farms in the Western Visayas region have increased because of the need for supplementary sources of income brought about by the dwindling catch of small-scale fishermen. Socio-demographic and costs and returns data were gathered from 175 oyster and mussel farmers using a combination of rapid rural appraisal techniques and a pre-tested questionnaire. Oyster and mussel farms, less than 1000 m2, were located among fish capture devices in rivers and bays. The oyster and mussel farmers belong to the marginalized sector of society with about 30% of total household income derived from oyster and mussel farming. Problems encountered by oyster and mussel farmers included poaching, mortality due to siltation or sedimentation and pond effluents, no spat, lack of financing, and lack of buyers. This study recommends that oyster and mussel farmers form cooperatives to effectively market their produce and avail of financing, and research on the non-occurrence of spat.
    • Article

      Using local user perceptions to evaluate outcomes of protected area management in the Sagay Marine Reserve, Philippines 

      EL Web, RJ Maliao & SV Siar - Environmental Conservation, 2004 - Cambridge University Press
      Local user perceptions of resource trajectory and indicators of protected area outcomes can be useful in the assessment of integrated conservation projects, both marine and terrestrial. In-depth stakeholder surveys using 12 performance indicators were used to evaluate the perceived outcomes of the Sagay Marine Reserve (SMR), the Philippines. These indicators were a measure of whether the SMR had achieved its management objectives in the recent past and what local stakeholders expected in the future. The respondents contextual situation could be correlated with their perceptions of SMR indicators. There was a generally high level of perceived equity and efficiency of SMR management outcomes, but the sustainability of the SMR, particularly the condition of the fisheries, had been poor over the previous 10 years. Few anticipated an improvement in sustainability indicators over the next 10 years. Respondents from an island village within the SMR had more negative (or less positive) perceptions of SMR outcomes because of their high dependence on the degraded resource, combined with physical and economic isolation. Specific remedies to enhance island villagers satisfaction, such as greater participation, empowerment, alternative economic opportunities and fisheries protection, and replenishment, are necessary. This research serves as an example of how indicators perceived by local resource-accessing stakeholders can and should be main components of both marine and terrestrial protected area assessment.
    • Article

      Women and the question of sustainable development in a Philippine fishing village 

      SV Siar & LM Cañeba - International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology, 1998 - Taylor & Francis
      This paper presents a case study of time use and contribution to the household income of men, women, and children in 12 households in a fishing village in Panay Island, central Philippines. The study highlights the differential impact of poverty on men and women and provides a glimpse of the intrahousehold dynamics within poor fishing households. Findings in previous studies in both industrialized and developing countries that women work longer hours than men were corroborated. Women contribute at least 22% to the household cash income and 40% of the value of unpaid labour. Their contribution to the household cash income becomes larger than that of men's when the value of livestock is computed. Women's daily participation in productive activities, such as fish vending and shucking oyster and mussel, unwittingly puts them in a position of being environmental recorders and verifiers of the state of fishery resources. Because they are burdened with the responsibility of making ends meet, they are also confronted with the challenge of realizing the dream of sending their children to university to enable them to escape poverty. This alone makes women one of the strongest stakeholders in the sustainable development of fishery resources.