Now showing items 1-2 of 2

    • Conference paper

      Detoxification of Pyrodinium-generated paralytic shellfish poisoning toxin in Perna viridis from Western Samar, Philippines 

      RQ Gacutan, MY Tabbu, MTR de Castro, AB Gallego, ML Bulalacao, L Arafiles & F Icatlo Jr. - In AW White, M Anraku & KK Hooi (Eds.), Toxic Red Tides and Shellfish Toxicity in Southeast Asia. Proceedings of a Consultative Meeting, 11-14 September 1984, Singapore, 1984 - Marine Fisheries Research Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
      The results are presented of procedures for the detoxification of paralytic shellfish poisoning toxin using ozone, chlorine and PVP-iodine. Findings indicate ozone and PVP-iodine to effectively inactivate the toxins isolated from Perna viridis ; however, further investigations are recommended.
    • Conference paper

      Effects of storage on the microbial quality of slipper oysters, Crassostrea iredalei 

      AT Llobrera, ML Bulalacao & N Suñaz - In JL Maclean, LB Dizon & LV Hosillos (Eds.), The First Asian Fisheries Forum. Proceedings of the First Asian Fisheries Forum, 26-31 May 1986, Manila, Philippines, 1986 - Asian Fisheries Society
      The effects of storage on the microbial quality of slipper oysters, Crassostrea iredalei, were examined. Oysters were stored at room temperature (24°C), under a blanket of ice (3-4 C), chilled (4-C) and frozen (-25°C) until they spoiled. The shelf life of oysters stored at room temperature was only two days. Oysters held under a blanket of ice had a shelf life of 14 days and chilled oysters, 22 days. Frozen oysters remained in good condition over the 64 day storage period.

      The initial total aerobic bacterial count of oysters was 105cfu/g. Counts for frozen oysters decreased by 1 log (104) while counts for oysters stored at other temperatures increased by 2-4 log (107-109). Bacterial typing of 50 randomly-picked colonies made every four days showed Pseudomonas to be the predominant spoilage organism. Total and fecal coliform counts did not increase even for oysters held at room temperature. Typical Staphylococcus aureaus colonies were isolated but were shown to be non-pathogenic by the coagulase test. Analyses for the presence of other organisms of public health concern revealed that Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio cholerae, V. parahaemolyticus, Lactose + Vibrios (V. vulnificus) and fecal streptococci were present in very low or undetectable levels. Thus, hazards or risks associated with these organisms may be considered minimal.