Now showing items 1-3 of 3

    • Article

      Characterization of betanodaviruses in the Philippines 

      LD de la Peña, K Mori, GF Quinitio, DS Chavez, JD Toledo, VS Suarnaba, Y Maeno, I Kiryu & T Nakai - Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 2008 - European Association of Fish Pathologists
      Viral nervous necrosis caused by betanodaviruses is one of the most devastating diseases in cultured marine finfish. In the Philippines, mass mortalities occurred in sea bass, Lates calcarifer larvae and grouper, Epinephelus coioides broodstock. The virus was isolated using SSN-1 fish cell line and confirmed by PCR. Cytopathic effect started to develop in the cell line 2 days post infection (p.i) with tissue filtrates until the cells completely disintegrated and detached from the flask at 5 days p.i. and the viral protein was detected by immunofluorescence. Sequence analysis revealed that VNN isolated from the brain of grouper broodstock and sea bass larvae were 98.6% similar. Sequence analysis between the Philippine isolates and red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) genotype is 96.9% similar as compared to 72.0% and 64.0% similar with the barfin flounder nervous necrosis virus (BFNNV) and tiger puffer nervous necrosis virus (TPNNV) genotypes, respectively. These results confirm that the Philippine isolates belong to RGNNV genotype.
    • Koi herpesvirus-associated mortalities in quarantined koi carp in the Philippines 

      JR Somga, LD de la Peña, CD Sombito, MG Paner, VS Suarnaba, GC Capulos, PI Santa Maria & GL Po - Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 2010 - European Association of Fish Pathologists
      Illegally imported koi carp were confiscated at the Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA), Manila, Philippines by the Fisheries Quarantine and Inspection Service Officers of the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR). The confiscated fish were turned over to the BFAR Fish Health Laboratory where they were held for observation at a water temperature of 28 degree C. After 5 days, some fish were showing abnormal swimming behavior and some had died. The most prominent disease signs in the freshly dead and moribund fish were body ulcerations and pale gills showing white necrotic patches, consistent with the clinical signs of KHV infection. Gills were dissected and fixed in 95% ethanol. All of the samples tested positive for KHV in a 1-step PCR assay.

      This paper reports the first case of KHV associated mortalities in illegally important koi carp confiscated by the Fisheries Quarantine and Inspection Service Officers of BFAR. This highlights the importance of the quarantine and inspection service s role in preventing the illegal entry of fish into the country and the introduction of exotic aquatic diseases.
    • Prevalence of viral nervous necrosis (VNN) virus in wild-caught and trash fish in the Philippines 

      LD de la Peña, VS Suarnaba, GC Capulos & MNM Santos - Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 2011 - European Association of Fish Pathologists
      Viral nervous necrosis (VNN) caused by piscine nodavirus is a devastating disease affecting mainly marine finfish. In the Philippines, VNN was first reported in hatchery-reared grouper (Epinephelus coioides) broodstock in 2001. These broodstock are usually fed with trash fish. It is therefore suspected that contaminated trash fish may be the source of VNN transmission to the broodstock. To confirm the source of contamination, periodic monitoring of the VNN prevalence using RT-PCR was done on different species of trash fish available in the Iloilo Fishing Port Complex and on the wild-caught fish in Panay Gulf. Results showed that most of the trash fish and wild-caught fish were sub-clinically infected or carriers of VNN, and that the virus might have already been established in the environment where they were living. These findings provide strong evidence that trash fish could be the main source of viral contamination in broodstock since they are identified as the only major input in the culture systems. To prevent the transmission of VNN to broodstock through contaminated trash fish, a shift to a broodstock pelleted feed is highly recommended.