Browsing by Author "Tormon-West, Dianne H."
Resiliency of small-holder fishfarmers to climate change and market prices in selected communities in the Philippines RF Agbayani, DB Baticados, ET Quinitio & DH Tormon-West - In MG Bondad-Reantaso & RP Subasinghe (Eds.), Enhancing the contribution of small-scale aquaculture to food security, poverty alleviation and socioeconomic development, 2013 - FAO
Series: FAO fisheries and aquaculture proceedings; 31A rapid assessment of the resiliency of small-holder fishfarmers in selected communities in the Philippines was conducted to gather the fishfarmers’ observations and insights about climate change and market prices, and the impacts of climate change on their environment, livelihood and life, in general, and to learn measures they have adopted to cope with adverse situations. The study sites were communities that were undertaking aquaculture livelihood, with technical support from the Aquaculture Department of the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Centre or SEAFDEC/AQD and logistical assistance from their local governments and international and private donors. The climate change phenomena observed in the study sites were flash floods, sea level rises, increases in temperature, stronger waves, and longer dry season (drought). The major ecological impacts were mortality of marine flora and fauna, destruction of aquaculture facilities (cages and ponds), disruption of aquaculture protocol, and frequent occurrence of fish diseases. As a result, fishfarmers suffered substantial financial losses that forced them to either borrow more money (most are already heavily indebted), or stop operation until financial support is available. To help each other survive common hardships, the fishfarmers resorted to the Philippine traditional “bayanihan” system or collective action for their common good. Rapid assessment studies can only provide initial insights on the situation in the community. A more comprehensive and integrated methodology to include various dimensions (human, ecological, economic, technological and institutional) is recommended in future studies on climate change.
Sociocultural factors influencing fishers’ participation in coastal resource management in Anini-y, Antique, west central, Philippines MET Aldon, DH Tormon & AC Fermin - In LL Tolentino, LD Landicho, S Wun'Gaeo & K Ikegami (Eds.), 4th International Conference : the multidimensionality of energy, economy and environmental crises and their implications to rural livelihoods : September 7-10, 2010, Bicol University, Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines, 2010 - Asian Rural Sociology AssociationFishing is the only source of livelihood in the coastal communities. This is the reason why poverty persists in these areas. The lack of other alternative livelihood activities results to overfishing and eventual degradation of fishery resources, thus, forming a vicious cycle of poverty and resource degradation. Recognizing the importance of promoting healthy and sustainable fisheries, SEAFDEC/AQD collaborated with the local government of Anini-y to develop a sustainable utilization of natural marine resources within the marine protected area at Nogas Island, Anini-y, Antique. This study determined the fishers’ sociocultural characteristics and how these variables influence their participation in the community’s coastal resources management activities. Primary data were collected from household survey using semi-structured questionnaire, focus group discussion and in-depth interview with key informants. Means and frequencies were used to describe the fishers’ sociocultural and demographic characteristics while logistic regressions run by SPSS program was used to determine significance of relationships between sociocultural variables and extent of participation in coastal resources management. Results showed that age, gender, household size, distance from the shoreline, perceptions about coastal resources and fishers’ willingness to leave fishing did not significantly influence fishers’ participation in coastal resources management while fishers’ economic well being, attitude towards coastal resources and awareness level to fishery regulations showed significant influence.