Now showing items 1-2 of 2

    • Article

      Characterization of betanodaviruses in the Philippines 

      LD de la Peña, K Mori, GF Quinitio, DS Chavez, JD Toledo, VS Suarnaba, Y Maeno, I Kiryu & T Nakai - Bulletin of the European Association of Fish Pathologists, 2008 - European Association of Fish Pathologists
      Viral nervous necrosis caused by betanodaviruses is one of the most devastating diseases in cultured marine finfish. In the Philippines, mass mortalities occurred in sea bass, Lates calcarifer larvae and grouper, Epinephelus coioides broodstock. The virus was isolated using SSN-1 fish cell line and confirmed by PCR. Cytopathic effect started to develop in the cell line 2 days post infection (p.i) with tissue filtrates until the cells completely disintegrated and detached from the flask at 5 days p.i. and the viral protein was detected by immunofluorescence. Sequence analysis revealed that VNN isolated from the brain of grouper broodstock and sea bass larvae were 98.6% similar. Sequence analysis between the Philippine isolates and red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) genotype is 96.9% similar as compared to 72.0% and 64.0% similar with the barfin flounder nervous necrosis virus (BFNNV) and tiger puffer nervous necrosis virus (TPNNV) genotypes, respectively. These results confirm that the Philippine isolates belong to RGNNV genotype.
    • Article

      Immune responses of Asian sea bass, Lates calcarifer Bloch, against an inactivated betanodavirus vaccine 

      RV Pakingking Jr., R Seron, LD de la Peña, K Mori, H Yamashita & T Nakai - Journal of Fish Diseases, 2009 - Blackwell Publishing
      Asian sea bass, Lates calcarifer (Bloch), exhibited strong immune responses against a single injection of the formalin-inactivated red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV), a betanodavirus originally isolated in Japan. Fish produced neutralizing antibodies at high titre levels from days 10 (mean titre 1:480) to 116 (1:1280), with the highest titre at day 60 post-vaccination (1:4480). When fish were challenged with the homologous RGNNV at day 54 post-vaccination, there were no mortalities in both the vaccinated and unvaccinated control fish. However, a rapid clearance of the virus was observed in the brains and kidneys of vaccinated fish, followed by a significant increase in neutralizing-antibody titres. Furthermore, the vaccine-induced antibodies potently neutralized Philippine betanodavirus isolates (RGNNV) in a cross-neutralization assay. The present results indicate the potential of the formalin-inactivated RGNNV vaccine against viral nervous necrosis (VNN) of Asian seabass.