Now showing items 1-6 of 6

    • Book

      Abalone hatchery 

      AC Fermin, MR de la Peña, RSJ Gapasin, MB Teruel, SMB Ursua, VC Encena II & NC Bayona - 2008 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Series: Aquaculture extension manual; No. 39
      This manual contains information on abalone hatchery operation, including site selection, design, culture of natural food, broodstock management, spawning, nursery, packing and transport, and profitability analyses.
    • Book

      Induced breeding and seed production of bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis (Richardson) 

      AC Gonzal, CB Santiago, AC Fermin & EV Aralar - 2001 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Series: Aquaculture extension manual; No. 33
      A 40-page manual that details the advanced induced spawning technology for Bighead carp developed at SEAFDEC/AQD through the years. This handbook emphasizes the adoption of efficient carp hatchery techniques for optimal production of good quality eggs and juveniles.
    • Article

      Larval rearing of the Philippine freshwater catfish, Clarias macrocephalus (Gunther), fed live zooplankton and artificial diet: A preliminary study 

      AC Fermin & MEC Bolivar - The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 1991 - Society of Israeli Aquaculture and Marine Biotechnology
      A preliminary study was conducted to determine growth and survival of Clarias macrocephalus fed live zooplankton (Artemia or Moina macrocopa ) and/or a dry artificial diet. The specific growth rate over a 14-day rearing period was higher for fish fed Artemia plus a dry diet than for other treatment groups fed either live zooplankton or a dry artificial diet alone. C. macrocephalus larvae can directly take dry diet during the early days of exogenous feeding, however, continued feeding on dry artificial diet resulted in poor fish growth and survival. Mortality due to observed cannibalism in fish fed exclusively an artificial diet increased from 4% to 18% during the last two days of the rearing period. A significantly lower proportion of mortality due to cannibalism was observed in those fed an artificial diet after a 7-day period of feeding on Artemia . The survival rate was generally high, except for the fish fed a dry diet alone.
    • Article

      LHRH-a and domperidone-induced oocyte maturation and ovulation in bighead carp, Aristichthys nobilis (Richardson) 

      AC Fermin - Aquaculture, 1991 - Elsevier
      Effects of intraperitoneal injections of LHRH-a and domperidone (DOM), given singly or in combination at two injections, on oocyte maturation, ovulation and spawning in bighead carp, Aristichthys nobilis, were investigated. Results were compared with the existing protocol using HCG + LHRH-a at 1800 IU and 20 μg/kg BW, respectively, to induce spawning in bighead carp. Oocyte diameter of fish at 6 h after the second injection of LHRH-a + DOM and HCG + LHRH-a had significantly increased to 7.0% and 7.5% respectively, as compared to the 0 h group (P<0.05); fish injected with LHRH-a, DOM or saline had significantly lower increases (1.0%, 2.0%, and 3.0%, respectively). Ovulation was induced in 75% and 60% of fish injected with LHRH-a + DOM and HCG + LHRH-a, respectively. In contrast, fish treated with LHRH-a, DOM or saline did not ovulate. Total eggs spawned, and fertilization and hatching rates did not differ significantly (P<0.05) between the two groups with ovulated fish. Although injection protocols using LHRH-a + DOM and HCG + LHRH-a were equally effective in inducing spawning of bighead carp, the former had a lower combined cost than the latter.
    • Article

      Nursery rearing of the Asian catfish, Clarias macrocephalus (Günther), at different stocking densities in cages suspended in tanks and ponds 

      RF Bombeo, AC Fermin & JD Tan-Fermin - Aquaculture Research, 2002 - Blackwell Publishing
      Growth and survival of hatchery-bred Asian catfish, Clarias macrocephalus (Günther), fry reared at different stocking densities in net cages suspended in tanks and ponds were measured. The stocking densities used were 285, 571 and 1143 fry m−3 in tanks and 114, 228 and 457 fry m−3 in ponds. Fish were fed a formulated diet throughout the 28-day rearing period. Generally, fish reared in cages in ponds grew faster, with a specific growth rate (SGR) range of 10.3–14.6% day−1, than those in cages suspended in tanks (SGR range 9–11.3% day−1). This could be attributed to the presence of natural zooplankton (copepods and cladocerans) in the pond throughout the culture period, which served as additional food sources for catfish juveniles. In both scenarios, the fish reared at lower densities had significantly higher SGR than fish reared at higher densities. In the pond, the SGR of fish held at 228 and 457 m−3 were similar to each other but were significantly lower than those of fish held at 114 m−3. The zooplankton in ponds consisted mostly of copepods and cladocerans, in contrast to tanks, in which rotifers were more predominant. Per cent survival ranged from 85% to 89% in tanks and from 78% to 87% in ponds and did not differ significantly among stocking densities and between rearing systems. In conclusion, catfish nursery in cages suspended in tanks and ponds is density dependent. Catfish fry reared at 285 m−3 in tanks and at 114 m−3 in ponds had significantly faster growth rates than fish reared at higher densities. However, the desired fingerling size of 3–4 cm total length for stocking in grow-out culture can still be attained at stocking densities of 457 m−3 in nursery pond and 571 m−3 in tanks.
    • Conference paper

      Photoperiod effects on feeding, food conversion, growth, and survival of abalone (Haliotis asinina Linne) during nursery rearing 

      AC Fermin & Buen Shela Mae A. - In A Nateewathana & J Hylleberg (Eds.), Proceedings of the 11th International Congress & Workshop of the Tropical Marine Mollusc Programme (TMMP), 28 September - 8 October 2000, Kodaikanal, Rameswaram and Tuticorin, Tamilnadu, India, 2001 - Phuket Marine Biological Center
      Juveniles of Haliotis asinina, 10 mm shell length were subjected to four photoperiodic regimes namely, 6L:18D, OL:24D, diffused 12:12D, and ambient light (12L:12D) serving as control. Juveniles were fed fresh seaweed, Gracilariopsis bailinae, in excess amounts throughout the experiment. At the end of a 105-day experiment, juveniles held under ambient photoperiod were significantly bigger and had higher average daily growth rate than the rest of the treatments. Feed conversion efficiency was higher at ambient light than at other photoperiodic regimes. Daily feeding rates at 65-day culture period were similar for all treatments; however towards the end of culture period, feeding rate of abalone at ambient light was lowest compared to the rest of the treatments. Percent survival was significantly higher in animals at ambient light and at 6L: 18D with 99% and 97% respectively, than at other photoperiodic regimes.