Browsing by Author "Aypa, Simeona M."
Conference paperSM Aypa - In TU Bagarinao & EEC Flores (Eds.), Towards sustainable aquaculture in Southeast Asia and Japan: Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia, Iloilo City, Philippines, 26-28 July, 1994, 1995 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterAquaculture is regarded as the most promising source of protein food in the years ahead. Milkfish and Nile tilapia are the major fishes now produced but groupers, sea bass, rabbitfish, red snappers, carps, and catfishes are grown by some farmers. The tiger shrimp is still the most important cultured crustacean, but white shrimps and mudcrabs also have great potential. Oysters and mussels are produced in considerable amounts. Mariculture of the seaweed Eucheuma is now a well established industry, and the pond culture of Gracilaria for agar extraction is beginning to take off.
Conference paperSM Aypa & SR Baconguis - In JH Primavera, LMB Garcia, MT Castaños & MB Surtida (Eds.), Mangrove-Friendly Aquaculture : Proceedings of the Workshop on Mangrove-Friendly Aquaculture organized by the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department, January 11-15, 1999, Iloilo City, Philippines, 2000 - Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Aquaculture DepartmentMangrove areas in the Philippines were once considered vast tracts of wasteland that can be developed into other land uses. The economic "advantages" associated with such exploitation were considered socially "valuable" to human communities. Such advantages and exploitation, however, are now questioned, with the cost to society reevaluated. This paper discusses the factors causing mangrove deforestation with emphasis on aquaculture. Existing and future programs like the government's Coastal Resource Management project for the implementation of mangrove-friendly aquaculture are presented. Research needs and problems affecting mangrove management are likewise discussed.
Conference paperSM Aypa - In F Lacanilao, RM Coloso & GF Quinitio (Eds.), Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia and Prospects for Seafarming and Searanching; 19-23 August 1991; Iloilo City, Philippines., 1994 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterThe status and problems confronting the fisheries sector are discussed. An exploratory discussion of the five-year Fisheries Sector Program addressed on aquatic resources regeneration, conservation, and sustained management of coastal fisheries, production intensification in aquaculture within limits of ecological balance, and commercial fishing away from over-fished areas into the deeper water is made. Seafarming as one of the alternative livelihood for a large number of coastal subsistence fishermen is emphasized particularly in the 12 priority bays under the program to uplift their economic condition. Rapid resources assessment in the 3 priority bays during the first year of the program implementation pinpointed existing aquaculture practices, potential sites for Seafarming and recommended species for culture. The credit, extension services, and training components of the program are envisioned to enhance Seafarming development in the country.