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    • Article

      Isolation and characterization of vitellin from the ovary of Penaeus monodon 

      ET Quinitio, A Hara, K Yamauchi & A Fuji - Invertebrate Reproduction and Development, 1990 - International Society of Invertebrate Reproduction and Development
      Female-specific protein (FSP, vitellogenin) in Penaeus monodon hemolymph and its related ovarian protein (vitellin, lipovitellin) were identified and characterized using electrophoretical and immunological procedures. The purification of vitellin from mature ovaries was carried out using hydroxylapatite and Sepharose 6B columns. Results indicated that there are two proteins specifically existing in the hemolymph of the mature female which are immunologically identical to ovarian protein. These are absent in the male. The isolated vitellin has a molecular weight of approximately 540 kDa and is composed of 4 major (polypeptide) subunits, 74, 83, 104 and 168 kDa and 1 minor (polypeptide) subunit, 90 kDa. The purified protein stained positively with periodic acid-Schiff and Sudan black B and thus is a glycolipoprotein.

      Results of double immunodiffusion demonstrate the cross-reactivity of P. monodon vitellin antiserum with the ovarian extract from mature females of Penaeus indicus, Penaeus merguiensis and Penaeus semisulcatus, but not with Pandalus kessleri, indicating that there is no antigenic difference at species level in Penaeidae.
    • Article

      Ovarian development and serum steroid hormone profiles in hatchery-bred female catfish Clarias macrocephalus (Gunther) during an annual reproductive cycle 

      JD Tan-Fermin, S Ijiri, H Ueda, S Adachi & K Yamauchi - Fisheries Science, 1997 - Japanese Society of Fisheries Science
      Ovarian development e.g. gonadosomatic index, oocyte diameter, fecundity, histology, and related steroid hormones e.g. testosterone (T), estradiol-17 β (E2), 17α, 20 β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (DHP), were examined in captive female catfish Clarias macrocephalus during an annual cycle to establish the optimum season for its artificial propagation. Results showed that captive C. macrocephalus had a group-synchronous pattern of ovarian development, as indicated by the presence of oocytes at all stages of development throughout the annual cycle. Mean gonadosomatic index (GSI; 11-13%), oocyte diameter (1.54-1.56 mm), fecundity (80-110 eggs/g body weight), and serum T levels (36-37 ng/mL) were lowest in January-April, suggesting that it is not the optimum season to induce C. macrocephalus to spawn during these months. Serum E2 levels were lowest in January (7 ng/mL), and highest in December (20 ng /mL). Serum DHP levels were below detectable limits (<0.02 ng/mL) throughout the year, supporting the observation that final maturation and ovulation do not occur in this species under captive conditions. Changes in various reproductive parameters and steroid hormone levels indicate that January-March, April-June, July-September and October-December correspond to the refractory, preparatory, spawning and post-spawning periods, respectively, of the annual cycle. The results of the present investigation can be used as a guide for the controlled breeding and commercial aquaculture of C. mucrocephalus in the Philippines.