Now showing items 1-9 of 9

    • Conference paper

      Brunei Darussalam: Status of implementation of the resolution and plan of action on aquaculture. 

      AR Metali - In BO Acosta, RM Coloso, EGT de Jesus-Ayson & JD Toledo (Eds.), Sustainable aquaculture development for food security in Southeast Asia towards 2020. Proceedings of the Regional Technical Consultation on Sustainable Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia Towards 2020, 2011 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      The aquaculture industry in Brunei Darussalam consists of cage culture of marine fishes and pond culture of freshwater and marine shrimps. The government has established various facilities to promote, facilitate and sustain the development of the industry so it can play a vital role in achieving the overall food production target and diversification of the country s food supply. The development of technology on marine fish seed production and culture of high commercial-value marine fish species, especially the green and red grouper are one of the priorities of the Department of Fisheries (DoF). Moreover, the development of potential species for export and improvement of aquaculture facilities will also be given due attention. The country is now focusing on the following: (1) production not only of marine fishes but also of freshwater and ornamental fishes since most of these are imported from the neighboring countries; (2) commercial production of specific pathogen free (SPF) Litopenaeus stylirostris; and (3) development of off-shore cage culture industry.
    • Conference paper

      Cambodia: Status of implementation of the resolution and plan of action on aquaculture. 

      C Da - In BO Acosta, RM Coloso, EGT de Jesus-Ayson & JD Toledo (Eds.), Sustainable aquaculture development for food security in Southeast Asia towards 2020. Proceedings of the Regional Technical Consultation on Sustainable Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia Towards 2020, 2011 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      The country s current national development plan (National Strategic Development Plan - NSDP) for 2006-2010 gives priority to addressing poverty alleviation and improving food security particularly of the rural farmers. In line with the NSDP s goal which is to ensure sustainable access to fisheries resources by the poor, the Fisheries Administration (FiA) of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries has drafted the Strategic planning framework for fisheries: 2009-2018, which considers small-scale aquaculture as one of the most important approaches.

      Based on the NSDP, FiA will focus on aquaculture development and aquatic resources management for poverty reduction of the rural families in the entire country as well as the medium and large scale aquaculture development. The family aquaculture plays an important role in securing the animal protein requirement and generating cash income in the rural areas of Cambodia. On the other hand, the medium and large scale aquaculture are targeted to provide opportunities for the export market since Cambodia has a lot of potential for developing large scale aquaculture production.

      FiA has strongly considered the strategies of NSDP important particularly in the present time when the population is increasing and the country cannot meet the fish protein requirements capture fisheries alone.
    • Conference paper

      Lao PDR: developments in aquaculture after the 2001 ASEAN-SEAFDEC fisheries millennium conference. 

      K Roger - In BO Acosta, RM Coloso, EGT de Jesus-Ayson & JD Toledo (Eds.), Sustainable aquaculture development for food security in Southeast Asia towards 2020. Proceedings of the Regional Technical Consultation on Sustainable Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia Towards 2020, 2011 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
    • Conference paper

      Malaysia: status of implementation of the resolution and plan of action on aquaculture. 

      IA Hassan, K Subramaniam & M Hashim - In BO Acosta, RM Coloso, EGT de Jesus-Ayson & JD Toledo (Eds.), Sustainable aquaculture development for food security in Southeast Asia towards 2020. Proceedings of the Regional Technical Consultation on Sustainable Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia Towards 2020, 2011 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
    • Conference paper

      Myanmar: Status of implementation of the resolution and plan of action on aquaculture. 

      H Win - In BO Acosta, RM Coloso, EGT de Jesus-Ayson & JD Toledo (Eds.), Sustainable aquaculture development for food security in Southeast Asia towards 2020. Proceedings of the Regional Technical Consultation on Sustainable Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia Towards 2020, 2011 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      This report discusses the long term and short-term project plans for aquaculture development such as the expansion of farming area and management plan for supply of good quality seed through promotion of strains of parent major carp stocks. The report also includes the successful and unsuccessful activities on environment-friendly aquaculture such as mangrove-friendly shrimp culture and organic farming practices. Recognizing the impacts of aquaculture on environment and impacts of improper practices on market trends, Myanmar Department of Fisheries is formulating Good aquaculture practices (GAPs) based on experiences of other Asian countries.

      This report explains the role of human resource capabilities and development schemes at different levels and at the same time decentralization that enhances the necessary core expertise that will address issues on disease, nutrition, hatchery and grow-out technology. Moreover, the report expresses the promotion of livelihood of the rural people through small-scale aquaculture based on community and grass-root level through participatory approach. It reveals the future prospects and proposed concepts on resolution of emerging world climate challenges towards the economical and sustainable aquaculture development.
    • Conference paper

      Philippines: Status of implementation of the resolution and plan of action on aquaculture. 

      GA Adora - In BO Acosta, RM Coloso, EGT de Jesus-Ayson & JD Toledo (Eds.), Sustainable aquaculture development for food security in Southeast Asia towards 2020. Proceedings of the Regional Technical Consultation on Sustainable Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia Towards 2020, 2011 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      The aquaculture sector in the Philippines has remarkably grown in the last decade. It is now a prominent sector contributing significantly to the country s overall fisheries production. In 2008, aquaculture posted the highest production growth at 48.5% (2.4 million mt), followed by the municipal fisheries sector with 26.8% (1.3 million mt), and the commercial fisheries sector with 24.7% increase (1.2 million mt). Sustainable management of the sector is a primary concern because the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) recognizes that this tremendous growth in aquaculture production must be balanced with ecological considerations.

      This report outlines the major steps BFAR, as the agency mandated to protect aquatic resources and practice sustainable aquaculture in the Philippines, has taken towards the achievement of the objectives/themes outlined in a plan of action for aquaculture set during the 2001 ASEAN-SEAFDEC Fisheries millennium conference in Bangkok, Thailand.

      The country has gained significant strides in promoting environment-friendly aquaculture, especially with the promotion of the mariculture park projects. In line with this theme, policies to promote sustainable aquaculture and strategies to ensure healthy and wholesome aquaculture were formulated. Research, development and extension activities are in progress towards ensuring sustainable aquaculture and achieving the other commitments, as outlined in the Resolution and plan of action for the aquaculture sector in the Philippines which was proposed during the 2001 Bangkok conference of senior officials of ASEAN member countries.
    • Conference paper

      Singapore: Status of implementation of the resolution and plan of action on aquaculture. 

      TY Wee - In BO Acosta, RM Coloso, EGT de Jesus-Ayson & JD Toledo (Eds.), Sustainable aquaculture development for food security in Southeast Asia towards 2020. Proceedings of the Regional Technical Consultation on Sustainable Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia Towards 2020, 2011 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Singapore is a small island state and its development of commercial aquaculture started only in the early 1970s. The foodfish aquaculture industry currently produces about 4% of the estimated 100,000 mt of fish consumed annually. The main bulk of foodfish production comes from marine coastal farms and some from land-based foodfish farms.

      The Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority of Singapore (AVA) is the national authority for aquaculture development for Singapore and manages aquaculture farms through the issuance of farm licenses. For marine foodfish farms, the farm licensee has to abide by good farm management guidelines to maintain the farm in good condition and ensure that the farm does not engage in activities that would pollute the farm waters. For land-based farms, there are also guidelines that address infrastructure layout, farming system and water treatment facilities. The latter requires that sedimentation ponds, reservoir ponds/tanks, supply and drainage systems, trade effluent treatment and sampling plant are included in the farm set-up.

      Aquaculture, as with all other food production practices, is facing challenges for sustainable development. An example of Singapore s contribution to sustainable aquaculture is through the development of technology for consistent and economical mass production of fish seeds under controlled conditions. This approach will alleviate the pressure on nature to provide the seeds for farming and would make available large numbers of quality fish for small and large-scale commercial aquaculture. AVA has established the Marine Aquaculture Centre (MAC) at St. John's Island to address the needs of aquaculture development for Singapore through fish reproduction and seed production technology development as well as large- scale fish farming technology development.

      At present, the fish reproduction technology research work involves closing the reproductive cycles of key marine food fish species and also fry production at a commercial scale. Closing the reproductive cycles will eliminate the reliance and alleviate the pressure on wild seed stock. Good quality brooders are selected, maintained and bred to produce quality fry, which would indirectly translate to better growth performances and shorter culture period. This, together with good farm management practices, will optimize the usage offish feeds during the culture cycle.

      AVA is looking into the use of vaccination for fish health management purpose, to reduce the reliance on prophylactic drugs in the future. Antibiotics or chemicals if not administered properly for treatment may have negative consequences. One of them is the presence of drug residues in aquatic products which has food safety and health concerns. Other issues include adverse effects on the environment such as build-up resistance of pathogens.

      In the past, the focus of attention in aquaculture management had been on increasing yield by culture practices, with a view to short-term economic viability. With the current rate of depleting marine resources, there is an urgent need to develop aquaculture in a sustainable way. Current efforts and future developments such as implementation of surveillance programmes, personnel training, fish nutrition and feeding, fish health, the establishment of good aquaculture practices, monitoring of the fish farming environment seawater re-use and information sharing will facilitate working towards the development of sustainable aquaculture in Singapore.
    • Conference paper

      Status of implementation of the resolution and plan of action on aquaculture in Thailand. 

      R Yashiro, S Limthammahisorn & U Suntornratana - In BO Acosta, RM Coloso, EGT de Jesus-Ayson & JD Toledo (Eds.), Sustainable aquaculture development for food security in Southeast Asia towards 2020. Proceedings of the Regional Technical Consultation on Sustainable Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia Towards 2020, 2011 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Aquaculture development in Thailand is based on the principle of balance and sustainability. The missions of aquaculture development include the development of fishery products from aquaculture to achieve international quality standards, enhanced sustainability of fishery products from aquaculture, stock enhancement of aquatic resources, and development of research and technology for aquaculture. The national directive aims at increasing production by 5% per year to provide at least 30 kg per person per year of food fish consumption. In recent years, Thailand aquaculture technology developments have increased not only in productivity but also in terms of quality and safety of products throughout the production line. Its development has become more harmonious with the natural environment and more consistent with socioeconomic development.

      With regard to supply of quality seeds on consistent and sustainable basis, the Department of Fisheries (DoF) supports both the government and private sector hatcheries to produce quality seeds. The Good aquaculture practices (GAPs) and Code of conduct (CoC) which comply with the environmental theme are also applied. Research for broodstock development is aimed at enhancing reproduction by nutritional manipulation and closed recycling water system for broodstock. Promotion of domestication and research in genetic manipulation for broodstock are practiced.

      Moreover, the regulations of feed quality control have been performed according to the Feed quality act (1982). The Good manufacture practices (GMPs) and HACCP for aqua-feed manufacturing are promoted as voluntary. Currently, the use of ingredients for bio-energy production is emerging in aqua-feed industry. Research to develop suitable alternative protein sources to reduce the use of fish meal is on-going and is being supported by DoF. The expanded scientific information and technology development designed for aquaculture offer significant benefits to both producers and consumers by enhancing the production efficiency and quality of cultivated aquatic species with appropriate culture practices.
    • Conference paper

      Vietnam: status of implementation of the resolution and plan of action on aquaculture. 

      LT Luu - In BO Acosta, RM Coloso, EGT de Jesus-Ayson & JD Toledo (Eds.), Sustainable aquaculture development for food security in Southeast Asia towards 2020. Proceedings of the Regional Technical Consultation on Sustainable Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia Towards 2020, 2011 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Aquaculture in Vietnam achieved significant increase in production from 425,000 mt in 1998 to 2,465,600 mt in 2008 and this has contributed to addressing the country s food security agenda. This achievement has indicated success of a number of factors including implementation of appropriate policies, technological improvements in aquaculture, efficiency of extension work, and capacity of market expansion. Improvement of seed production and supply through strengthening the infrastructure of hatchery system throughout the country and diversification of culture species have contributed to achieving the goal of aquaculture development programs for the period 1999-2010. The challenge on the use of fish meal is being addressed by using the omnivorous fish species such as the carps, tilapias, pangasius and mollusks for large-volume production. Environment-friendly technologies are developed and applied in aquaculture practices. Good aquaculture practices and Best management practices have encouraged the different stakeholders (seed producers, growers, feed suppliers) to apply these practices in their business. Aquaculture is seen as an important sector for rural development because this contributes significantly to income and employment for rural population, on one hand, and better use of land (where agriculture operation is not economically feasible) and water resources, on the other hand. Nevertheless, aquaculture in Vietnam is still faced with a number of issues which need to be addressed and these are as follows: (a) capacity to guide sustainable aquaculture; (b) appropriate policies to fit into new development trends; (c) quality of economically important species; and (d) traceability, certification and linkage to market chain of small scale producers. Some important points of aquaculture development plan in Vietnam during the period 2011-2020 are also introduced in this paper.