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    • Conference paper

      Coastal fisheries and mollusk and seaweed culture in Southeast Asia: Integrated planning and precautions 

      JW McManus - In TU Bagarinao & EEC Flores (Eds.), Towards sustainable aquaculture in Southeast Asia and Japan: Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia, Iloilo City, Philippines, 26-28 July, 1994, 1995 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Capture fisheries in Southeast Asia are characterized by rampant overfishing, made worse in many areas by problems of overpopulation and by inappropriate management strategies based on misconceptions about tropical fisheries. Mollusk culture and seaweed culture are frequently cited as means to alleviate fishing pressure and to provide substitute protein. There is great potential for expansion of these types of mariculture in terms of area used, species employed, and products generated. However, large-scale mariculture rarely provides significant employment, and the provision of low-cost protein in markets does not alleviate poverty in countries where food production is the primary means of employment. In cases where conflicts have arisen between mariculture development and ecosystem maintenance, mariculture has been favored by inappropriate economic valuations. Small-scale mariculture designed to provide alternative livelihood for fishers is worth developing, although limited by larval supplies and suitable farming areas. Mariculture should be approached as a species-diverse, small-scale enterprise within the framework of integrated coastal management.
    • Article

      Fishing cooperatives in Capiz, central Philippines: their importance in managing fishery resources. 

      DB Baticados, RF Agbayani & FE Gentoral - Fisheries Research, 1998 - Elsevier
      Fishery cooperatives can co-manage coastal fishery resources, help improve the living conditions of small-scale fishers, and slow down the rapid depletion of these resources. Ten fisherfolk cooperatives in Capiz, central Philippines were assessed for their willingness to co-manage fishery resources. Seventeen members and three officers randomly selected from each of six mainland and four island-based cooperatives were interviewed using a pre-tested interview schedule. Statistical tools were employed to analyze field data. Specific factors related to origin and background, membership, management, and economic factors affect the success of cooperatives. Most cooperative members (74%) were willing to assume responsibility in managing fishery resources. Apathy and lack of advocacy and lobbying skills prevent the members from acquiring control and use rights over fishery resources. About 52% of them were aware of the 1991 Local Government Code and the provision on the participation of people's organization in local governance.