Browsing Feeds for Small-scale Aquaculture by Title
Now showing items 21-22 of 22
Use of the golden apple snail, cassava, and maize as feeds for the tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon in ponds - 1996 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterPenaeus monodon stocked in ponds at 8,000/ha were fed four types of farm-made feeds starting on day 16 of a 4-month culture period. The feeds were golden apple snail alone or in combination with cooked cassava or maize, or maize alone. Mixed feeds resulted in significantly higher production and better size-frequency distribution of shrimp. Survival (88-99%) was not significantly different among the treatments. Maize alone and snails alone were inadequate. Presumably, the high amount of carbohydrate in cassava (92%) or maize (87%) provided the needed energy, and the high protein content of golden snail (54%) was available for growth. The fatty acid profile of the golden snail shows that it is a good source of 18:2n-6, 18:3n-3, and 20:5n-3 which are essential fatty acids for P. monodon. Golden snails, with an essential amino acid index (EAAI) of 0.91, are a suitable alternative source of protein for tiger shrimp. Feeding shrimps with golden snails and cassava yielded the highest net income (P 49,332/ha-crop) and return on investment (ROI = 213%) better than feeding with maize alone (net income = P 23,626/ha-crop; ROI = 125%). If shrimp farmers tap golden snails as direct feed or as feed ingredient, the problem of snail infestation in rice fields may be reduced.
Conference paper- 1996 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterTwo feeding trials lasting 10 days each were conducted to determine the weaning time in the Asian catfish, Clarias macrocephalus, larvae to dry diet feeding. Three-day-old catfish larvae were fed newly-hatched Artemia nauplii for 2,4, and 6 days after which ad libitum feeding with a commercial feed (trial 1) or a formulated diet (trial 2) was started. Fish fed exclusively dry diet (0-day Artemia feeding) or those fed only Artemia for 10 days served as the controls. In trial 1, fish fed Artemia at different durations had significantly higher growth and survival than those reared exclusively on dry diet. In trial 2, percent survival was not significantly different among fish with or without Artemia pre-feeding. However, fish had significantly higher final body weight and SGR when reared initially on Artemia prior to dry diet than those fed exclusively dry diet. Based on the results, catfish larvae can be successfully weaned to dry diet after feeding Artemia for a maximum period of four days (ave. BW=12.25 mg).