Now showing items 1-2 of 2

    • Conference paper

      Endocrine changes associated with overripening of ovulated eggs in goldfish, Carassius auratus L. 

      MJ Formacion & TJ Lam - In CL Marte, GF Quinitio & AC Emata (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Breeding and Seed Production of Cultured Finfishes in the Philippines, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 4-5 May 1993, 1996 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Changes in steroid hormone levels in the serum and ovarian fluid were studied during overripening in goldfish. Ovulated eggs retained in the ovarian cavity become overripe at around 12 h after ovulation and completely overripe 24 h after. Blood and ovarian fluid were taken at 0, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 h after ovulation. Estradiol-17ß (E 2) , testosterone (T), progesterone (P) and 17α,20ß-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17α,20ß-P) in the serum were extracted directly with a solvent while those in the ovarian fluid were separated by HPLC before radioimmunoassay. Both serum and ovarian fluid P showed a highly significant decline at 18 h with a further decline at 24 h; P levels were higher in the ovarian fluid. Serum 17α,20ß-P showed a progressive and more rapid decline, decreasing significantly at 12 h with further decreases at 18 h and 24 h; the level was five-fold lower at 24 h compared to the 0 h level. Serum T increased significantly at 3 h which was maintained until 18 h, when it declined to 0 h level. No significant changes in E2 were observed in the serum, except for a significant difference between 6 and 24 h. There were no significant changes in E2, T and 17α,20ß-P in the ovarian fluid. Of the four steroids measured, only 17α,20ß-P and P showed changes which bear some correlation with the time course of overripening. The declines in the mean ratios of 17α,20ß-P/E2 in the serum and P/E2 in the ovarian fluid also appeared to have a good correlation with the time course of overripening. The postovulatory follicles (POFs) showed degenerative features which likewise correspond to the decline in P and 17α,20ß-P.
    • Conference paper

      Oral administrations of chemotherapeutics via the bioencapsulation technique: A tool for therapeutic treatment in larviculture 

      RSJ Gapasin, HJ Nelis & P Sorgeloos - In CL Marte, GF Quinitio & AC Emata (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Breeding and Seed Production of Cultured Finfishes in the Philippines, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 4-5 May 1993, 1996 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      The application of the bioencapsulation technique as a tool for curative treatment in fish larvae was investigated. Antibacterials, trimethoprim (TMP) and sulphamethoxazole (SMX), incorporated in an oil emulsion (SELCO, Artemia Systems N.V., Ghent, Belgium) were bioencapsulated at different concentrations (20% and 40%) in Artemia (Instar II) nauplii. Chemotherapeutics-loaded nauplii were fed to European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae only once at 5 individuals/ml. Larvae were sampled after feeding at time intervals 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72 h. Drug concentrations in the larval tissue were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Results indicated that larvae fed 40% "medicated"-Artemia assimilated significantly higher levels of chemotherapeutics in the tissue as compared with those fed 20% "medicated"-Artemia. Chemotherapeutics given at higher concentration (40%) reached peak levels (19.3 µg TMP/g DW, 23.32 µg SMX/g DW) in the larval tissues within 2 h while at lower concentration (20%) peak levels (8.74 µg TMP/g DW, 6.73 µg SMX/g DW) were observed within 5 h. Moreover, TMP persisted longer (>72 h) in the tissues than SMX (12-16 h) suggesting a more efficient uptake and retention of TMP and/or faster metabolism and elimination of SMX.