Now showing items 1-3 of 3

    • Conference paper

      Mass larval rearing technology of marine finfish in Japan 

      K Fukusho - In CL Marte, GF Quinitio & AC Emata (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Breeding and Seed Production of Cultured Finfishes in the Philippines, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 4-5 May 1993, 1996 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      With economic development and increased demand for high price fish, industrial scale marine finfish culture in Japan was started in 1960-1965 for yellowtail Seriola quinqueradiata. Sustainable supply of wild juvenile and development of floating cage with synthetic fiber net have spurred the culture of nearly 30 species and total production in 1991 is 265 x 103 metric tons (nearly 25% of total aquaculture production). Although salmon ranching had been started in 1888, a national project of ocean ranching was only initiated in 1963 with the present target of 26 species of marine finfish. Ocean ranching aims to increase fisheries resources in coastal sea by stocking hatchery-reared juveniles and preservation of environmental capacity and habitat. Therefore, mass production of marine finfish juveniles is being done for the intensive culture in net cage and for stocking coastal sea in Japan.

      Nearly 200 million juveniles are produced by ocean ranching centers (14 national, 49 prefectural, 21 city and town, 53 fishermen's association). The number of target fish is about 60 species (excluding salmon and trout). The main species produced are red sea bream, Pagrus major, flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus, puffer, Takifugu rubrapes, rockfish, Sebastes shlegeli, and mud dab, Limanda yokohamae. More than one million juveniles of these species are produced at one hatchery or ocean ranching center per one fry production season. About 70% of total production of juveniles consist of red sea bream and flounder. Red sea bream could be used to introduce mass larval rearing technology in Japan since its mass production is well developed. The focus of the present paper is the present status and short history of the development in larval rearing technology for red sea bream.
    • Conference paper

      Review of SEAFDEC/AQD finfish seed production research 

      GF Quinitio & MN Duray - In CL Marte, GF Quinitio & AC Emata (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Breeding and Seed Production of Cultured Finfishes in the Philippines, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 4-5 May 1993, 1996 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Research on seed production of several foodfishes has been a continuing activity of SEAFDEC/AQD since 1976. Fry and juvenile production methods of these fish commodities are in various stages of advancement. For instance, advances in the development of hatchery rearing, particularly feeding and water management schemes, have made mass production of milkfish (Chanos chanos) seed a reality, resulting further in the application of the technology in commercial hatcheries. Recent studies now focus on assessing the quality of hatchery seed stocks of milkfish vis-a-vis wild seed during nursery and grow-out culture. Likewise, sea bass (Lates calcarifer) seed production has undergone significant improvements since the technology was introduced in the Philippines in 1982. Fatty acid-enrichment of a zooplankton diet can enhance growth and survival of sea bass fry, although other cheaper alternatives and early weaning to formulated diet preparations are currently being tested. Hatchery fry production of grouper (Epinephelus salmoides and E. suillus syn. E. coioides) and snapper is in its infancy, but trials complemented by research on their larval feeding habits and requirements are underway to establish reliable methods of rearing larvae of these species. Although fairly well-established, seed production of rabbitfish (Siganus guttatus) requires further improvement in determining an appropriate zooplankton diet to ensure adequate growth and survival of larvae. Hatchery fry production of tilapia (Oreochromis sp.), carps (Aristichthys nobilis, Hypothalmichthys molitrix) and, to a certain extent, catfish (Clarias macrocephalus) can already be categorized as a flourishing industry in some parts of the Philippines. Nonetheless, SEAFDEC/AQD continues to conduct research on these freshwater species, with particular emphasis on nutrition and feed development during the nursery production phase. Together, results of past and on-going research studies ensure that seed supply of these important foodfishes become adequate and sustainable for the grow-out.
    • Conference paper

      Role of growth hormone in the adaptation to sea water of juveline brown trout, (Salmo trutta) 

      JME Almendras & P Punet - In CL Marte, GF Quinitio & AC Emata (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Breeding and Seed Production of Cultured Finfishes in the Philippines, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 4-5 May 1993, 1996 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      The first part of the study investigates the ability of ovine growth hormone (oGH) to enhance the hypo-osmoregulatory and growth performance of juvenile brown trout after exposure to sea water (SW). Three groups of fish were either intraperitoneally implanted with cholesterol pellet (sham) or with a cholesterol pellet containing 250 µg oGH (treated) or not implanted (control). While still in fresh water (FW), gill Na+/K+ATPase activity of the oGH-treated group was four times higher than that of sham and control groups. Exposure to SW resulted to dramatic increases in plasma electrolyte levels of the sham and control groups, whereas the oGH-treated group showed only minor perturbations in plasma electrolyte concentrations. Further increases in gill Na+/K+ ATPase activity were observed in the oGH-treated group after SW exposure, while in the sham and control, a lag time of seven days was needed before gill ATPase activity started to increase. Additionally, by the end of the experiment, oGH-treated fish were significantly larger than non-treated ones.

      The second part of the study examines the time course of changes in plasma GH levels and GH free binding sites and affinity of the organs involved in osmoregulation in juvenile brown trout kept in FW or exposed to SW. Plasma GH levels increased significantly one day after SW exposure, reaching a peak on the 14th day. Concomitantly, GH free binding sites in the gills and liver decreased significantly in trout exposed to SW but remained unchanged in trout kept in FW. Reduction in GH free binding sites in SW-exposed trout indicates occupation of the gill and liver GH receptor by GH during the course of SW adaptation which may point to a direct role of GH on gill and liver physiology during hypo-osmoregulation.

      The second part of the study examines the time course of changes in plasma GH levels and GH free binding sites and affinity of the organs involved in osmoregulation in juvenile brown trout kept in FW or exposed to SW. Plasma GH levels increased significantly one day after SW exposure, reaching a peak on the 14th day. Concomitantly, GH free binding sites in the gills and liver decreased significantly in trout exposed to SW but remained unchanged in trout kept in FW. Reduction in GH free binding sites in SW-exposed trout indicates occupation of the gill and liver GH receptor by GH during the course of SW adaptation which may point to a direct role of GH on gill and liver physiology during hypo-osmoregulation.