Now showing items 1-2 of 2

    • Conference paper

      A brief account of the experience of Sabah Fisheries Department in fish larval rearing 

      CF Komilus & FD Parado-Estepa - In CL Marte, GF Quinitio & AC Emata (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Breeding and Seed Production of Cultured Finfishes in the Philippines, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 4-5 May 1993, 1996 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Venturing into the aquaculture sector especially in pond and cage culture is a step that has been taken up by entrepreneurs and traditional fishermen of Sabah. However, shortage in the supply of fish fry is a stumbling block to the progress of the industry.

      The Sabah Fisheries Department has taken steps to overcome this problem by setting up a hatchery with the objectives to transfer know-how on hatchery technologies to the private sector besides producing fry for distribution.

      The Tanjong Badak multi-species hatchery is a newly established hatchery, completed in mid-1990. The species reared for production purposes are tiger shrimp and finfish which include red snapper, grouper, sea bass and polkadot grouper. The Department has not close to producing sea bass fry. Shrimp fry at juvenile stages (PL 40) are distributed as subsidies to local fish farmers while some are reared at the Department's various cage and pond culture projects. Limited success in producing grouper and red snapper fry have been achieved to date. The incidence of very low fertilization rates of eggs coupled with low survival rates are major problems facing the hatchery.

      In conclusion, the Sabah Fisheries Department's experience in fish larval rearing is still limited. Greater scientific research and studies need to be carried out to improve further the performance of the hatchery to achieve the target of fry sufficiency for the aquaculture industry.
    • Conference paper

      Induced spawning of the mangrove red snapper, Lutjanus argentimaculatus 

      AC Emata, B Eullaran & M de los Santos - In CL Marte, GF Quinitio & AC Emata (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Breeding and Seed Production of Cultured Finfishes in the Philippines, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 4-5 May 1993, 1996 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Wild-caught mangrove red snapper, Lutjanus argentimaculatus, reared for a year in 4.0 m diameter by 1.5 m deep circular concrete tank spontaneously matured and were used for induced spawning trials. On 19 August 1992, a sexually mature female (4.6 kg BW) and male (3.2 kg BW) fish were given a single intramuscular injection of 1500 IU human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)/kg BW. Spawning occurred 27 h after injection with total egg collection of 1.3 M. Hatching occurred 16 h after spawning at 28 °C and 32 ppt. On 18 March 1993, the same male and female together with a newly-caught spermiating male (6.3 kg BW) were injected intramuscularly with 100 µg luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analogue (LHRHa)/kg BW. Spawning occurred 44 hours after injection with the total egg collection of 0.7 M. Hatching occurred 16 hours after spawning at the same temperature and salinity as the first trial. The successful spawning trials encourage further research to determine the effective minimum dose of hCG and LHRHa.