Now showing items 1-3 of 3

    • Conference paper

      Growth and survival of milkfish (Chanos chanos) larvae reared on artificial diets 

      IG Borlongan, CL Marte & J Nocillado - In CL Marte, GF Quinitio & AC Emata (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Breeding and Seed Production of Cultured Finfishes in the Philippines, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 4-5 May 1993, 1996 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      A preliminary feeding experiment was conducted to determine growth and survival of milkfish larvae reared on various feeding regimes involving the use of artificial diets. Two larval diets (Feed A and Feed B) containing 45% protein and 10% lipid were fed either alone or in combination with Brachionus from day 8 to day 21. The feed in the control treatment were Brachionus (10 ind/ml) from day 8 to day 14 and Artemia (2-3 ind/ml) from day 15 to day 21. Larvae in all treatments were fed Brachionus (10 ind/ml) from day 2 to day 7.

      No significant differences were observed in survival rates, total length, wet weight and dry weight among fish fed combination of Brachionus and Feed B and the control feed (Brachionus and Artemia). These promising results indicate the possibility of using Feed B as partial replacement or supplement to live food. However, lowest survival rates, total length, and weight were obtained in fish fed either Feed A or Feed B alone, indicating that the test artificial diets given solely to milkfish larvae starting from day 8 can not support good growth and survival. Further studies on the development of improved artificial diets for larval milkfish need to be done.
    • Conference paper

      Larviculture of milkfish (Chanos chanos) in outdoor tanks 

      MN Duray - In CL Marte, GF Quinitio & AC Emata (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Breeding and Seed Production of Cultured Finfishes in the Philippines, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 4-5 May 1993, 1996 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      In the past, larviculture of milkfish depended entirely on the use of rotifers and brine shrimp nauplii and rearing trials were done under roofed facilities. Since the dietary value of live food varies according to culture and feeding conditions, rotifers were enriched with SELCO, a lipid emulsion containing high levels of highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFA) prior to feeding the larvae. Alternatively, a microbound larval feed (Nosan R-1) was given as a supplement to rotifers during the first two weeks of culture. Larval growth was enhanced and survival was significantly improved when rotifers were enriched or supplemented with these diets. All rearing trials were conducted in 5-10 tons concrete circular/rectangular outdoor tanks.

      Verification runs on the use of HUFA-enriched rotifers to milkfish larvae were tried in two nearby private hatcheries. Results from mis collaborative work are presented.
    • Conference paper

      Review of SEAFDEC/AQD finfish seed production research 

      GF Quinitio & MN Duray - In CL Marte, GF Quinitio & AC Emata (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Breeding and Seed Production of Cultured Finfishes in the Philippines, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 4-5 May 1993, 1996 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
      Research on seed production of several foodfishes has been a continuing activity of SEAFDEC/AQD since 1976. Fry and juvenile production methods of these fish commodities are in various stages of advancement. For instance, advances in the development of hatchery rearing, particularly feeding and water management schemes, have made mass production of milkfish (Chanos chanos) seed a reality, resulting further in the application of the technology in commercial hatcheries. Recent studies now focus on assessing the quality of hatchery seed stocks of milkfish vis-a-vis wild seed during nursery and grow-out culture. Likewise, sea bass (Lates calcarifer) seed production has undergone significant improvements since the technology was introduced in the Philippines in 1982. Fatty acid-enrichment of a zooplankton diet can enhance growth and survival of sea bass fry, although other cheaper alternatives and early weaning to formulated diet preparations are currently being tested. Hatchery fry production of grouper (Epinephelus salmoides and E. suillus syn. E. coioides) and snapper is in its infancy, but trials complemented by research on their larval feeding habits and requirements are underway to establish reliable methods of rearing larvae of these species. Although fairly well-established, seed production of rabbitfish (Siganus guttatus) requires further improvement in determining an appropriate zooplankton diet to ensure adequate growth and survival of larvae. Hatchery fry production of tilapia (Oreochromis sp.), carps (Aristichthys nobilis, Hypothalmichthys molitrix) and, to a certain extent, catfish (Clarias macrocephalus) can already be categorized as a flourishing industry in some parts of the Philippines. Nonetheless, SEAFDEC/AQD continues to conduct research on these freshwater species, with particular emphasis on nutrition and feed development during the nursery production phase. Together, results of past and on-going research studies ensure that seed supply of these important foodfishes become adequate and sustainable for the grow-out.