The mechanics of mass occurrence and recruitment strategy of milkfish Chanos chanos (Forsskal) fry in the Philippines
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The daily and hourly catch of milkfish Chanos chanos (Forsskal) fry in the coast of Hamtic, Panay Island in the Philippines was recorded over a period of 16 weeks, and correlated with time, location, types of gear, and lunar and tidal variations. About 4000 fry were marked and released, scanning electronmicroscopy was employed to examine the feeding habit of the fish. The results obtained suggest an active process governing the occurrence and movement of fry in coastal waters. The appearance of the fry is related to the developmental stage of the fry and is subject to lunar modulation. Interaction with predators in coastal waters has produced diverse and selective antipredator adaptations, such as body transparency, the use of timing (seasonality, tidal conditions), and distribution patterns. The maximization of resource utilization and minimization of resource sharing also occurs in a seasonal basis. High mortality rate in shallow coastal waters is counteracted by high recruitment rate and specific behavioural and physiological adaptations to ensure successful and fast colonization of backwaters. It is suggested that higher food availability in the nursery ground exerts a stronger selective pressure over predation, and act as the major force in the migration from offshore to shore waters.
Contribution No. 107 of the Aquaculture Department, SEAFDEC.
Buri, P., & Kawamura, G. (1983). The mechanics of mass occurrence and recruitment strategy of milkfish Chanos chanos (Forsskal) fry in the Philippines.
Memoirs of the Kagoshima University Research Center for the South Pacific, 3(2), 33-55. http://hdl.handle.net/10862/1133
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