Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Aquaculture Department Institutional Repository (SAIR) is the official digital repository of scholarly and research information of the department. This is to enable the effective dissemination of AQD researchers' in-house and external publications for free and online. The repository uses DSpace, an open source software, developed at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Libraries. It is an Open Archives Initiative (OAI)-compliant.

Initially, the repository shall contain preprints, full-texts or abstracts of journal articles, books and conference proceedings written by SEAFDEC/AQD scientists and researchers. The aim is to promote these publications especially those published in international peer-reviewed journals and generate higher citation through increased visibility.

It will also provide free access to all in-house publications of SEAFDEC/AQD. Full-text digitized copies of fishfarmer-friendly materials like books, handbooks, policy guidebooks, conference proceedings, extension manuals, institutional reports, annual reports (AQD Highlights), and newsletters (SEAFDEC Asian Aquaculture, Aqua Farm News, AquaDept News and AQD Matters) can be retrieved and downloaded.

In the future, SAIR will expand its collection to include images, presentations, audios, and videos among others.

The objectives of the repository are to: (1) to provide reliable means for SEAFDEC/AQD researchers to store, preserve and share their research outputs and (2) to provide easy access and increase the visibility of SEAFDEC/AQD scientific publications

SAIR also aims to encourage SEAFDEC/AQD researchers for self-archiving and submitting pre-prints from which metadata will be screened and approved by the library staff.

Select a community to browse its collections.

  • Article

    Behavioural evidence for colour vision determined by conditioning in the purple mud crab Scylla tranquebarica 

    G Kawamura, TU Bagarinao, HS Cheah, H Saito, ASK Yong & LS Lim - Fisheries Science, 2020 - Springer Verlag
    Crabs and shrimps (order Decapoda) use colours in various tasks such as foraging and mate choice. Colour vision requires at least two types of photoreceptors with different spectral sensitivities. Previous physiological studies revealed that most crabs including Scylla mud crabs have a single visual receptor system, i.e. they are colour blind. We determined colour vision by means of a behavioural experiment on hatchery-produced and wild-captured purple mud crab Scylla tranquebarica in a roofed hatchery. Adult crabs (8-10 cm carapace width) were subjected to classical conditioning to associate a food reward with a blue or a green stimulus placed among seven shades of grey. The hatchery-produced crabs learnt this task after 14 days of reward training, and thereafter distinguished blue in 27 non-reward trials, and green in 39 non-reward trials. The wild-captured crabs did so after 25 days of reward training, and distinguished green in 49 non-reward trials. These results indicated colour vision in S. tranquebarica. However, the crabs were unable to distinguish blue or green in dim light of 4.4 cd/m2 (which is slightly brighter than full moon light). The high colour vision threshold was attributed to the small optic parameters of the apposition compound eyes of S. tranquebarica.
  • Article

    Morphological descriptions and morphometric discriminant function analysis reveal an additional four groups of Scylla spp 

    There are four species of mud crabs within the genus Scylla, and most of them live sympatrically in the equatorial region. Apart from a report in Japan about the finding of a natural Scylla hybrid more than a decade ago after the division of genus Scylla into four species by Keenan, Davie & Mann (1998), no subsequent sighting was found. Thus, this study investigates the possible natural occurrence of potential hybridization among Scylla species in the wild. A total of 76,211 individuals from mud crab landing sites around the Malacca Straits, South China Sea and Sulu Sea were screened. In addition to the four-purebred species, four groups (SH 1, n = 2, 627; SH 2, n = 136; SH 3, n = 1; SH 4, n = 2) with intermediate characteristics were found, mostly at Sulu Sea. Discriminant Function Analysis revealed that all Scylla species, including SH 1 - 4, are distinguishable via their morphometric ratios. The most powerful discriminant ratios for each character and the top five discriminant ratios of males and females were suggested. The carapace width of SH 1 males and females were significantly smaller than pure species. Based on the discriminant ratios and the description of morphological characters, we hypothesize that the additional four groups of Scylla with intermediate characteristics could be presumed hybrids. Future work at the molecular level is urgently needed to validate this postulate.
  • Article

    Biosecurity policy and legislation for the global seaweed aquaculture industry 

    I Campbell, CSB Kambey, JP Mateo, SB Rusekwa, AQ Hurtado, FE Msuya, GD Stentiford & EJ Cottier-Cook - Journal of Applied Phycology, 2019 - Springer Verlag
    Each year a significant proportion of global food production is lost to pests and diseases, with concerted efforts by government and industry focussed on application of effective biosecurity policies which attempt to minimise their emergence and spread. In aquaculture the volume of seaweeds produced is second only to farmed fish and red algal carrageenophytes currently represent approximately 42% of global production of all seaweeds. Despite this importance, expansion of the seaweed sector is increasingly limited by the high prevalence of recalcitrant diseases and epiphytic pests with potential to emerge and with the demonstrated propensity to spread, particularly in the absence of effective national and international biosecurity policies. Developing biosecurity policy and legislation to manage biosecurity risk in seaweed aquaculture is urgently required to limit these impacts. To understand current international biosecurity frameworks and their efficacy, existing legislative frameworks were analysed quantitatively for the content of biosecurity measures, applicability to the seaweed industry, and inclusion of risks posed by diseases, pests and non-native species. Deficiencies in existing frameworks included the following: inconsistent terminology for inclusion of cultivated seaweeds, unclear designation of implementation responsibility, insufficient evidence-based information and limited alignment of biosecurity hazards and risks. Given the global importance of the cultivation of various seaweeds in alleviating poverty in low and middle income countries, it is crucial that the relatively low-unit value of the industry (i.e. as compared with other aquatic animal sectors) should not conflate with a perceived low risk of disease or pest transfer, nor the subsequent economic and environmental impact that disease transfer may impact on receiving nations (well beyond their seaweed operations). Developing a clear basis for development of robust international biosecurity policies related to the trade in seaweeds arising from the global aquaculture industry, by first addressing the gaps highlighted in this study, will be crucial in limiting impacts of pests and diseases on this valuable industry and on natural capital in locations where seaweeds are farmed.
  • Article

    Dietary lipid requirement of whiteleg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei juveniles cultured in biofloc system 

    A Hamidoghli, S Won, FA Aya, H Yun, J Bae, IK Jang & SC Bai - Aquaculture Nutrition, 2019 - Wiley
    An eight-week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the contribution of biofloc on dietary lipid requirement in whiteleg shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei. Five diets with graded levels of dietary lipid (45, 60, 90, 120 and 150 g/kg) were fed to juvenile shrimp. Final weight, weight gain and specific growth rate of shrimp fed diets with 60, 90 and 120 g/kg lipid levels were significantly higher than those of shrimp fed diets with lipid levels 45 and 150 g/kg (p < .05). Feed efficiency and protein efficiency ratio of shrimp fed 60, 90 and 120 g/kg were higher than those fed 150 g/kg diet. Plasma total cholesterol and triglyceride levels were lower in shrimp fed 45 g/kg compared with those fed the 90 g/kg (p < .05). Also, lysozyme activity for 90 g/kg group was higher than the 15 g/kg group. Hepatopancreas lipase and amylase activities of shrimp fed 90 and 120 g/kg diets were significantly higher than those of shrimp fed 45 and 150 g/kg diets. Broken-line regression analysis for weight gain indicated that the dietary lipid requirement of whiteleg shrimp juveniles reared in a biofloc system was estimated to be higher than 56 g/kg but <60 g/kg.
  • Article

    Draft genome sequence of multidrug-resistant Vibrio parahaemolyticus strain PH698, infecting penaeid shrimp in the Philippines 

    CP Saloma, SMU Penir, JMR Azanza, LD dela Pena, RC Usero, NAR Cabillon, ADP Bilbao & EC Amar - Microbiology Resource Announcements, 2019 - American Society for Microbiology
    The emergence of multidrug-resistant bacterial strains in diverse settings has been reported globally. In the Philippine shrimp aquaculture industry, antibiotics are used for the treatment of bacterial diseases during the production cycle. We report the draft genome of Vibrio parahaemolyticus PH698, a multidrug-resistant strain isolated from a Philippine shrimp farm.

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