HCG and LHRH-A induced spawning in bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis Rich. reared in floating cages in Laguna de Bay
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Hormone-induction of spawning in bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis Rich. by single or double intraperitoneal injection with varying combined dosages of HCG and LHRH-A was conducted. Fish were spawned successfully following a single or double injection with 1800 to 2000 IU HCG in combination with 10, 15 or 20 µg HRLR-A per kg body weight. Fish injected with lower dosages of HGC at 1200 or 1500 IU/kg body weight plus 20 µg/kg LHRH-A did not differ significantly (P>0.05). Fish given a single injection ovulated after 12.0 ± 0.1 hours. No significant difference was found in the total number of eggs spawned per fish among the injection protocols (P>0.05). However, lower fertilization and hatching rates of eggs were observed in fish that spawned spontaneously in the tank as compared to those fish whose eggs were stripped and dry-fertilized (P<0.05).
CitationFermin, A. C., & Reyes Jr., D. M. (1989). HCG and LHRH-A induced spawning in bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis Rich. reared in floating cages in Laguna de Bay.
PublisherSan Carlos Publications, University of San Carlos
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ArticleMY Tabbu, MM Lijauco, RV Eguia & CC Espegadera -
Fisheries Research Journal of the Philippines, 1986 - Fisheries Research Society of the PhilippinesIncreasing fish production through polyculture was clearly demonstrated to the fishfarmers in Laguna lake. The rearing of different species of fish of proper number and species combinations had resulted to the efficient utilization of all the available food niches/zones in the lake. Fish production is site specific in Laguna lake. Wide variation in growth increment and fish yield were observed among the different bays and among farm sited within a bay. The final mean weights of the fish species were 355 mg to 2300 g for bighead carp, 32 g to 103.3 g for tilapia and 8.3 g to 1800 g for common carp.
ArticleLMB Garcia, CMH Garcia, AFS Pineda, EA Gammad, J Canta, SPD Simon, GV Hilomen-Garcia, AC Gonzal & CB Santiago -
Aquaculture International, 1999 - KluwerBighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis Oshima) fry of various ages (11, 18, and 35 days post-hatch) were exposed to the low salinities encountered during the annual intrusion of seawater in Laguna Lake, Philippines. Practical indices of salinity tolerance assessed the effect of a 96 h direct exposure to low salinities (0–16‰). Mean (MST) and median survival times (MST50) of fry decreased as salinity of rearing medium increased. Younger fry were less able to tolerate exposure to these salinities than their older cohorts. Median lethal salinity after 96 h (MLS) revealed higher tolerance among 35–day old fry (7.6‰) than 11 (2.3‰) and 18–day old fry (6.0‰), demonstrating that survival in saline water depends on their age at initial exposure to low salinities. Mean body weight of 18–day old fry reared in 0 and 2‰ for 3 and 4 weeks was higher than for those reared in 4 and 6‰ for the same period. Growth over these periods was inversely related with the range of salinities tested. These results demonstrate that, despite their known stenohalinity, bighead carp fry possess some degree of osmoregulatory capability, allowing them to survive and grow in lakes subjected periodically to saltwater inflow.
Book chapterAL Palma, RM Pol & AS Diamante - In T Bagarinao (Ed.), Research Output of the Fisheries Sector Program, 2007 - Bureau of Agricultural Research, Department of AgricultureTechnology demonstration was conducted in three selected lowland freshwater ponds in Lucban, Quezon and in three highland ponds in Ifugao. The ponds varied in location, size, water source, and operators. The polyculture system included 60% Nile tilapia, 30% common carp, and 10% bighead carp, seeded at a density of 5/m2. Two lowland ponds had total production of 4,737 and 4,416 kg/ha-yr (8.83 kg/m3 and 6.77 kg/m3). One highland pond yielded 2,786 kg/ha-yr (11.14 kg/m3). Survival rates were better in lowland areas, mostly because the farmer cooperators had better training and more experience. Costs-and-returns analysis showed high profitability of tilapia-carp polyculture. With proper management, polyculture can produce fish and increase farmers‘ incomes, even during the off-season for traditional crops.