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dc.contributor.authorDhert, Philippe
dc.contributor.authorLavens, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorDuray, Marietta
dc.contributor.authorSorgeloos, Patrick
dc.date.accessioned2012-11-09T08:39:28Z
dc.date.available2012-11-09T08:39:28Z
dc.date.issued1990
dc.identifier.citationDhert, P., Lavens, P., Duray, M., & Sorgeloos, P. (1990). Improved larval survival at metamorphosis of Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer) using ω3-HUFA-enriched live food. Aquaculture, 90(1), 63-74.en
dc.identifier.issn0044-8486
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10862/1251
dc.description.abstractAsian seabass (Lates calcarifer) larvae were fed Brachionus cultured on Chlorella and, as soon as ingestin was possible, different types of Artemia, i.e., nauplii of the San Francisco Bay (SFB) strain, Great Salt Lake (GSL) strain or GSL nauplii that had been bioencapsulated with an emulsion containing high levels of the ω3-HUFAs (highly unsaturated fatty acids) 20:5 and 22:6. San Francisco Bay Artemia with a good natural fatty acid profile and small body size could be offered earlier than the larger but HUFA-poor Great Salt Lake strain. The poor nutritional quality of the latter, however, could be corrected by enriching the nauplii with an ω3-HUFA emulsion for 24 h, after which time high levels of the ω3-HUFAs 20:5 and 22:6 were obtained. When the Artemia diet offered before metamorphosis included natural or supplemented essential fatty acids, no significant differences in dry weight, length or survival of the fish were noticed, as compared to fish fed the naturally deficient GSL Artemia. Onset of metamorphosis and physiological condition after metamorphosis, however, were influenced by the HUFA content of the ingested prey. Seabass larvae fed SFB or enriched GSL Artemia started metamorphosis on day 19, while those in the non-enriched series never achieved metamorphosis and died of a nutritional deficiency syndrome by day 27. An indication of the physiological condition of the larvae and the early detection of the syndrome was possible by subjecting 21- and 25-day-old larvae to a stress test: abrupt exposure of the larvae to 65-ppt saline water resulted in abundant and early mortality in HUFA-deficient fish larvae. Fry receiving ω3-HUFA-fortified Artemia had a superior physiological condition which was reflected by significantly lower mortality figures in the stress test.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.subjectLates calcariferen
dc.titleImproved larval survival at metamorphosis of Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer) using ω3-HUFA-enriched live fooden
dc.title.alternativeImproved larval survival at metamorphosis of Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer) using omega 3-HUFA-enriched live fooden
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/0044-8486(90)90283-S
dc.citation.volume90
dc.citation.issue1
dc.citation.spage63
dc.citation.epage74
dc.citation.journalTitleAquacultureen
seafdecaqd.library.callnumberVF SJ 0287
seafdecaqd.databank.controlnumber1990-12
dc.subject.asfaFatty acidsen
dc.subject.asfaFood organismsen
dc.subject.asfaCondition factoren
dc.subject.asfaFood additivesen
dc.subject.asfaMetamorphosisen
dc.subject.asfaSurvivalen
dc.subject.asfaGrowthen
dc.subject.asfaFish larvaeen


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