Lunar synchronization of spawning in sea bass, Lates calcarifer (Bloch): Effect of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analogue (LHRHa) treatment
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Based on egg collection records, spontaneous spawning activity of sea bass, Lates calcarifer (Bloch), reared in floating net cages followed a semilunar cycle. The peak of multiple spawnings coincided with declining spring tides of quarter moon periods. Maximum diameter of intra-ovarian, ripe oocytes (0.51–0.55 mm) occurred in synchrony with the quarter moon periods. Smaller oocytes (0.44–0.47 mm) were sampled during the new and full moon periods. Two structural analogues of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRHa) (des-Gly10, D-Ala6-LHRH ethylamide and D-Ala6, Pro9-Nethylamide-LHRH), in pelleted or dissolved form, induced mature female sea bass with a mean egg diameter of at least 0.40 mm to spawn at any day during the lunar cycle. The onset of spontaneous and LHRHa-induced spawnings occurred during low tides in the evening until dawn (from 19.00 to 05.00 hours). These results demonstrate that LHRHa can effectively induce mature sea bass to spawn independent of the highly predictable semilunar spawning rhythm. In addition, the occurrence of both spontaneous and hormone-induced spawnings at a precise period of the day suggest a tidal and diurnal cue entraining spawning of mature female sea bass.
CitationGarcia, L. M. B. (1992). Lunar synchronization of spawning in sea bass, Lates calcarifer (Bloch): Effect of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analogue (LHRHa) treatment.
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Milt production of sea bass Lates calcarifer Bloch administered an analogue of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone and 17α-methyltestosterone GV Hilomen-Garcia, RB Baldevarona & F Lacanilao -
The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 2002 - Society of Israeli Aquaculture and Marine BiotechnologyThe milt production responses of sexually mature sea bass Lates calcarifer to (D-Ala6, Pro9-N- ethylamide) luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRHa) and 17α-methyltestosterone injections were examined. At 24 h after injection of a low dose of LHRHa (20 μg/kg BW), the sperm count decreased significantly compared to saline-treated fish, but it returned to pre-treatment levels 48 h after injection, suggesting a possible hydration of the milt. Other milt parameters (milt volume, spermatocrit, sperm production) in LHRHa-treated fish did not vary from their controls at 24 or 48 h after injection but the overall pattern suggested a reduction in milt viscosity. Total expressible milt and spermatozoa collected over the 48-h experiment was approximately three-fold higher in LHRHa-injected fish than in saline-injected fish, indicating a stimulation of spermatozoa production, not merely milt dilution due to hydration. In a second experiment, sperm count and spermatocrit were significantly lower than those of saline-injected fish at 17 and 48 h after a single injection of a high dose of LHRHa (80 μg/kg BW). A methyltestosterone injection combined with the LHRHa injection also resulted in a significantly lower sperm count, but the spermatocrit remained comparable to the control group, suggesting a suppression of the LHRHa-induced milt hydration response. Results demonstrate that LHRHa stimulates milt hydration and spermatozoa production in milting sea bass and that a simultaneous methyltestosterone injection partially suppresses this response.
Dietary administration of dehydroepiandrosterone hormone influences sex differentiation of hybrid red tilapia (O. niloticus x O. mossambicus) larvae AH Mohamed, RFM Traifalgar, AE Serrano Jr., JP Peralta & FL Pedroso -
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 2012 - Academic Journals, New YorkEffects of a steroid hormone Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) on sex differentiation of hybrid red Tilapia Oreochromis niloticus x O. mossambicus larvae were investigated. Three day-old tilapia larvae were fed diets supplemented with varying concentrations of DHEA (0, 20, 40, 80 and 160 mg kg-1 feed) for 24 days. A positive control group fed with diet containing 60 mg kg-1 of 17α-methyl testosterone was also included in the experimental run. Results indicate that among the DHEA treatment groups, larvae fed with 160 mg kg-1 DHEA showed the highest percentage of males that is comparable to the number of differentiated male fish observed in treatment group receiving the 17α-methyl testosterone as the positive control group. DHEA supplementation also improves weight gain and enhances feed conversion ratio. These findings suggest that DHEA can be used as a dietary supplement to induce masculinization and can improve the growth performance of tilapia larvae.
Effect of season on oocyte development and serum steroid hormones in LHRHa and pimozide-injected catfish Clarias macrocephalus (Günther) JD Tan-Fermin, CL Marte, H Ueda, S Adachi & K Yamauchi -
Fisheries Science, 1999 - Japanese Society of Fisheries ScienceOocyte and blood samples were taken from gravid female catfish Clarias macrocephalus at 4-h intervals to monitor the stage of oocyte development and serum steroid hormone profiles after injection of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analogue (LHRHa) and pimozide (PIM) during the off-season (February) and the peak of the natural breeding period (August). Results showed that the onset of final oocyte maturation (12h) and ovulation (16h), and levels of serum estradiol-17β (E2) did not vary with season in LHRHa+PIM-injected fish. In February, ovulated eggs were stripped from three and two hormone-treated fish at 16h and 20h post-injection, respectively. In August, ovulation was observed in all hormone-treated females (n=5) at 16h post-injection but stripping of the eggs was possible only 4h thereafter. Serum E2 levels were significantly different only with varying time post-injection; a marked increase occurred at 12h, but the elevation was higher in fish induced to ovulate during the peak (16.8ng/ml) than off-season (7.7ng/ml). Hormone-treated fish showed higher serum testosterone (T) levels during the peak season (17-23ng/ml) than those injected during the off-season (10-20ng/ml) at 4-12h post-injection. Serum 17α, 20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnene-3-one (DHP) levels of hormone-treated fish during the off-season were only about half the level (0.29 and 0.52 ng/ml) of those treated with the same hormones during the peak season (0.54 and 0.9ng/ml) at 8 and 12h postinjection, respectively. Development of oocytes and serum steroid hormone profiles after LHRHa+PIM-induced ovulation provide basic understanding of the processes that mediate final oocyte maturation and ovulation in captive C. macrocephalus.