Growth, daily ration, and gastric evacuation rates of milkfish (Chanos chanos) fed supplemental diet and natural food
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Growth, daily ration, and gastric evacuation rates of milkfish (Chanos chanos) that fed on natural food and supplement diet were evaluated. Milkfish fingerlings (5.5g) were stocked at 1.5 fish/m2 in ten 12 m2 concrete tanks layered with 15-cm thick earthen bottoms. All tanks were regularly fertilized (16–20–0 and chicken manure) to maintain natural food production; 4 of the tanks additionally received a supplemental diet containing 34.3% protein and 4290 kcal/kg gross energy. Estimates or daily ration (based on dry weight of stomach contents) were calculated using the Elliot and Person (1978) and Eggers 1977) models. Gastric evacuation rate was lower in fish that fed on natural food (1.57) compared to fish fed a supplemental diet (1.79). Consequently, the lower rate resulted in lower food intake and slower fish growth. When fish were provided a high quality supplemental diet, daily rations for fingerlings (35 g) to marketable size (116 g) ranged approximately from 0.60 to 19.68 kcal/fish/day. The deviation in daily ration (kcal/fish/day) from the above estimates may indicate the insufficient quantity of dietary energy taken by fish from natural food alone, which could be provided by supplemental diet.
Suggested CitationSumagaysay, N. S. (1993). Growth, daily ration, and gastric evacuation rates of milkfish (Chanos chanos) fed supplemental diet and natural food.
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