Proceedings of the International Workshop on Pen Cage Culture of Fish, 11-12 February 1979, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines

This workshop report covers the concepts of culture in pens and cages, mainly from an engineering and design point of view. It includes discussion and practical demonstration of cages, floats, frames, anchors, netting etc.

Recent Submissions

  • Conference paper

    Fishpen and cage farming in the Philippines. 

    Anon. - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    Paper was presented at the International Workshop on Cage and Pen Culture, SEAFDEC, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines in February 1979. It deals with cage farming in freshwater lakes of milkfish (Chanos chanos) and mentions briefly Tilapia mossambica, T. nilotica and trial culture of the prawn Penaeus monodon.
  • Conference paper

    The fish pen industry (of the Philippines): An overview. 

    T Baguilat - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
  • Conference paper

    A review on the present state of fish cage culture in the Baram District of Sarawak. 

    DJ Watson & PT Raja - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    The state of the cage culture art in the district is in a very primitive condition, and it is likely to remain so without any significant change within the forseeable future despite its theoretical potential. Before any serious interest in improvements can be generated among the people, a practical and economically viable fish cage operation will have to be demonstrated to them.
  • Conference paper

    Cage and pen culture in Sri Lanka. 

    DES Jayamaha - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    Sri Lanka has about 300,000 acres of fresh water bodies in the form of irrigation tanks, hydropower reservoirs and flood lakes and about 300,000 acres of brackish water areas. This paper briefly describes present aquaculture development and future prospects with regard to pen and cage culture in Sri Lanka.
  • Conference paper

    Cage culture in Thailand. 

    M Tangtrongpiros - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    This paper briefly describes cage fish culture in Thailand with reference to the design and construction of cages and the species used in cage culture.
  • Conference paper

    Cage culture of tilapia in the Philippines. 

    RD,I Guerrero - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    A brief description of the cage culture of Tilapia is presented. References are made to: (1) the Tilapia species cultured; (2) the design and construction of floating cages; (3) the management and production of cages; (4) the economic analysis of cage culture systems; (5) prospects and problems.
  • Conference paper

    Cage fish culture in Nepal. 

    RN Sharma - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    This paper describes briefly cage fish culture in Nepal with reference to (1) the construction and design of cages; (2) the species used; (3) cage culture practices and results; (4) the economics of cage culture.
  • Conference paper

    Common carp in floating net cage culture. 

    Z Jangkaru & R Djajadiredja - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    The main objective of this experiment was to determine the optimal density or stocking rate for the optimal total production and growth rate of common carp, Cyprinus carpio . A raft of 10 x 10 m made of steel bars with drums as floaters was divided into nine plots. A cage of polyethylene 3 x 3 x 2 m, 1 inch mesh size was hung in every plot. About three fourths of the cage was under water. Three stages of stocking rate of common carp of about 130 g individual weight were used: 2 kg/m2, 4 kg/m2 and 6 kg/m2. The experimental Latin Square design was used. Artificial fish food (pellet) containing about 32 percent crude protein was given five times a day. Fish were fed to satiation. Morphometrical and limnological data were measured every 14 days. Individual growth and actual rations were calculated daily. As a result of this experiment, common carp culture is floating net cages with a stocking rate of 6 kg/m2 is recommended.
  • Conference paper

    Aquaculture and prospects of cage and pen culture in Nigeria. 

    SJ Ikotun & O Omoloyin - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    After a brief description of present day acquaculture in Nigeria, the prospects of cage and pen culture are discussed. It is concluded that with the availability of natural rivers, lakes, dams, construction materials, culturable species and ready market for fish, the prospect of cage and pen culture is quite bright in Nigeria.
  • Conference paper

    Prospects of developing cage and pen culture in Sudan. 

    TT George - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    This paper describes the prospects of cage and pen culture in Sudan and recommends that a project for developing pen and cage culture techniques be started for marine and freshwater aquaculture.
  • Conference paper

    The use of aquatic plants as feed for Tilapia nilotica in floating cages. 

    SA Rifai - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    Three kinds of aquatic plants, namely, Hydrilla verticillata, Lemna minor , and Chara sp. were used as feed for the T. nilotica reared in floating cages at three levels of stocking densities: 5, 15, and 45 fishes per cage. Results of the study showed that Lemna minor gave the best effect on growth rate of the fish in every level of stocking density. Feed conversion rate ranged from 19 to 33; Lemna minor was the lowest (33:1), while Chara sp. was the highest (19:1).
  • Conference paper

    Net cage culture of Lates calcarifer Bloch and other marine animals in Thailand. 

    Y Dhebtaranon, S Maneewongsa & S Wongsomnuk - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    Feeding experiments on sea bass, Lates calcaifer , have been carried out in nylon net cages in Songkhla, since 1971, to obtain information on: (1) growth rates; (2) survival rates; (3) food conversion rates; (4) environmental conditions that affect the fish. Data from these experiments, some of which are briefly reproduced in this paper, prove that sea bass can be successfully cultured in net cage. Among other marine invertebrates, the cuttle fish, Sepia sp., showed the best potential for culture in net cage.
  • Conference paper

    Culture of fishes in cages and pens along the coastal waters of India. 

    R Marichamy, G Venkataraman, KMSA Hamsa, P Nammalwar, S Shanmugan & P Bensam - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    The results of culture attempts of milkfish, Chanos chanos, Mugil spp., prawn Penaeus indicus and crab Scylla serrata in enclosures of bamboo splits (thatti), fixed in shallow inshore waters at Tuticorin, are summarized.
  • Conference paper

    Experiments on raising quality fish seed in floating nurseries and its role in aquaculture in India. 

    AV Natarajan, RK Saxena & NK Srivastava - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    Observations on experiments carried out on raising quality fish seed in floating nurseries and raising fish of marketable size in cages at Allahabad are reported. The experiments proved successful in terms of (1) rearing carp spawn to fry stages; (2) rearing carp fry in floating nurseries (cages) in lentic waters to fingerling stage.
  • Conference paper

    Fish cage culture in the town of Jambi, Indonesia. 

    O Reksalegora - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    This paper discusses the floating cage fish culture in Jambi, its present status and its constraints to further development. The report is based mainly on interviews with fish farmers. To accelerate further development, a series of research programmes related to floating cage fish culture is recommended.
  • Conference paper

    Development of circular floating cages for milkfish broodstock at the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department. 

    OK Yu, AT Vizcarra & HS Sitoy - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    The present attempt to develop floating cages for holding milkfish, Chanos chanos, broodstock at SEAFDEC was prompted by the need of the department to have more fish for experimentation. This paper briefly presents the departments experience in developing the cage culture system designed for holding milkfish for broodstock purposes. The following points are discussed: (1) site location; (2) biological factors; (3) floats; (4) netting; (5) framework; (6) layout and mooring; (7) maintenance; (8) cost. Designs are given for the net cage cover, frame and floats.
  • Conference paper

    Development of aquaculture in Sierra Leone with a brief reference to oyster culture. 

    KK Dabo - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    Aquaculture research on oyster culture in Sierra Leone was started in 1974. The purpose of the research was to increase the yield of mangrove oysters and establish a practical and economic system for their cultivation. This paper briefly describes the work actively being pursued in this research project.
  • Conference paper

    Development and progress of aquaculture in Egypt with special reference to cage and pen culture. 

    MM Ishak - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    After a brief review of Egypt's present annual production of wild fish, the idea of increasing this production by means of cage and pen culture is discussed, as it would utilize vast aquatic areas of good water quality. A preliminary experiment on cage culture of the carp, Cyprinus carpio is briefly reported.
  • Conference paper

    Design of proposed fish cages for Kaptai lake in Bangladesh. 

    BC Cabangbang - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    After a brief introduction dealing with the prospects of fish farming in cages in Kaptai Lake (Karnafuli Reservoir), a detailed description of a fish cage, which can be constructed by local fishermen, is given.
  • Conference paper

    The European and Hungarian results of cage culture of fish. 

    F Muller - 1979 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center; International Development Research Centre
    After a brief history of the cage culture of fish in Europe, the results of cage culture experiments in Hungary are presented with particular reference to the cage cultures of wels, Silurus glanis , bester (hybrid of Huso huso and Acinpenser ruthenus) and the common carp Cyprinus carpio .

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