The Philippine seaweed industry
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A brief outline is given of the Philippine seaweed industry, which involves mainly the red seaweed Kappaphycus alvarezii, produced as a source of the semi-refined or Philippine natural grade (PNG) carrageenan. Other species cultured and marketed include: Gracilaria changii, G.firma, G.heteroclada, G.manilaensis and G.tenuistipitata. The Philippines has the largest carrageenan refinery in Asia. However, production of seaweeds is rather eratic, which is attributed to the following factors: 1) indiscriminate harvesting, seasonal abundance of different species in different areas and lack of proper management; 2) shortage and deteriorating quality of seedlings, especially for Kappaphycus; and 3) natural calamaties.
Already published in the Assessment Reports - (Philippine) Export Winners, published by the Department of Science and Technology in collaboration with United Nations Development Programme, 1997.
Hurtado-Ponce, A. (1998). The Philippine seaweed industry.
SEAFDEC Asian Aquaculture, 20(1), 13. http://hdl.handle.net/10862/1788
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Navigating risks and uncertainties: Risk perceptions and risk management strategies in the Philippine seaweed industry Suyo, Jee Grace; Le Masson, Virginie; Shaxson, Louise; Luhan, Maria Rovilla; Hurtado, Anicia Q. (Elsevier, 2021-04)The Philippine seaweed industry is affected by multiple but interrelated risks. Farmers mainly encountered environment-related risks (e.g. disease, pest infestations) which, if unmanaged, could result to production failure. ...
Mundo, Rosario dlC. Del; Cabungcal, Romeo M.; Fontanilla, Zenaida T. (Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center, 2002)