Status of seaweed farming in Region 9
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Kalbi, H.H. (2002). Status of seaweed farming in Region 9. In: A.Q. Hurtado, N.G. Guanzon, Jr., T.R. de Castro-Mallare, & M.R.J. Luhan (Eds.) Proceedings of the National Seaweed Planning Workshop held on August 2-3, 2001, SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department, Tigbauan, Iloilo. (pp. 11-14). Tigbauan, Iloilo : SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department. http://hdl.handle.net/10862/200
PublisherAquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
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Conference paperRS Simbajon & MA Ricohermoso - In LMB Garcia (Ed.), Responsible Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia. Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development … Southeast Asia organized by the SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department, 12-14 October 1999, Iloilo City, Philippines, 2001 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterDuring the last thirty years, seaweed farming has progressed in the region comprising the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Farm production reached a high of 146,500 mt of dried seaweeds in 1997 from an initial harvest of 500 mt in 1973. In 1997, the ASEAN region produced about 90% of the world s production of carrageenophyte seaweed, providing raw materials for the US$35O million world carrageenan market. Two species of carrageenophytes, Kappaphycus alvarezii (=Eucheuma cottonii) and Eucheuma denticulatum (=Eucheuma spinosum), constitute the base of the seaweed industry in the region. K. alvarezii is predominantly farmed in the Philippines and Malaysia while E. denticulatum is dominant in Indonesia. Vegetative propagation is still applied in all farmed species of carrageenophytes, while the monoline method remains the most popular method of farming. Non-traditional farming areas have been established in central and northern Philippines and in Sabah, Malaysia. The culture technology has been developed for Gracilaria sp.; however, no up-to-date reports on production are available. Seaweed farming has become one of the most important sources of livelihood for at least 100,000 coastal families in Southeast Asia, contributing apparently to the reduction of blast and cyanide fishing and to the relative improvement of peace and order in seaweed farming areas.
Conference paperGC Trono Jr. - In IJ Dogma Jr., GC Trono Jr. & RA Tabbada (Eds.), Culture and use of algae in Southeast Asia. Proceedings of the Symposium on Culture and Utilization of Algae in Southeast Asia, 8-11 December 1981, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 1990 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterThe bulk of world seaweed production today comes from developed countries in the temperate region, including Japan, China, and Korea. The seaweed production potentials in the developing countries of Asia will have to be explored to meet the increasing world demand. Extensive shallow and farmable reef areas as well as cheap labor highly favor seaweed production. Harvesting from natural stocks is unreliable; efforts should thus be directed toward actual farming of seaweeds. In the Philippines, development of the farming technology on Eucheuma alvarezii and E. denticulatum significantly increased production by the middle of the 70 s. Harvests of Eucheuma from farms and other seaweeds from natural stocks now rank third among the fishery exports of the country. The socioeconomic implications of the development of the seaweed resources in the developing countries of Asia are discussed. The Philippine experience is cited specifically to show the benefits derived from seaweed farming technology.
Conference paperRD Guerrero III - In F Lacanilao, RM Coloso & GF Quinitio (Eds.), Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia and Prospects for Seafarming and Searanching; 19-23 August 1991; Iloilo City, Philippines., 1994 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterSignificant developments in the culture of tilapias and seaweeds in the Philippines for 1988-1991 are reviewed. The country was the top producer of the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and red seaweed, Eucheuma sp., in the world during the period. Intensification of cage and pond culture of tilapia in freshwater with artificial feeding was prevalent. The National Tilapia Production Program was launched in 1990 and is being implemented in 26 sites of 12 regions in the country. Culture of sex-inversed tilapias (O. niloticus and O. niloticus x O. mossambicus hybrids) in freshwater cages, brackishwater ponds, and sea cages was pilot-tested for the first time. For seaweeds, studies were made on the culture of other economically-important species such as Gracilaria sp. and Porphyra sp. A trial on the integrated searanching of abalones (Haliotis sp.) and giant clams (Tridacna sp.) with Euchema was also conducted.