Antithamnion sparsum , its life history and hybridization with A. defectum in culture
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Antithamnion sparsum isolated from the southern and western coasts of Korea showed a basically Polysiphonia -type life history. However, it sometimes exhibited a monoecious reproduction and the carpospores released from the cystocarp by self-fertilization unexpectedly developed into plants bearing spermatangia alone. These male plants were not functional up to 60 days in culture. The results of intraspecific crosses between populations of A. sparsum were successful and the hybrid carpospores gave rise to normal tetrasporophytes. On the other hand, the interspecific crosses between A. sparsum and A. defectum were only partly successful, as evidenced by gonimoblast development and the release of carpospores in case of A. sparsum (male) x A. defectum (female), but not in A. sparsum (female) x A. defectum (male). These results seem to suggest that both species are still undergoing speciation.
Lee, I. K., & Boo, S. M. (1990). Antithamnion sparsum , its life history and hybridization with A. defectum in culture. In I. J. Dogma Jr., G. C. Trono Jr., & R. A. Tabbada (Eds.), Culture and use of algae in Southeast Asia: Proceedings of the Symposium on Culture and Utilization of Algae in Southeast Asia, 8-11 December 1981, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines. (pp. 39-49). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center.