Potentials of Kappaphycus striatum (Schnitz) and Gracilaria heteroclada Zhang (Ad Xia) to control the growth of luminous bacteria Vibrio harveyi
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Different aquaculture species such as finfishes and bivalves have been reported to control the luminous bacterial disease of shrimp, usually caused by Vibrio harveyi. The use of seaweeds in shrimp culture system has reportedly improved water quality and reduced the bacterial count. This study evaluated the potentials of two species of seaweeds, Gracilaria heteroclada (Ad Xia) and Kappaphycus striatum (Schnitz), to control the growth of V. harveyi. V. harveyi was inoculated into control tanks containing shrimps only and into treated tanks containing both shrimp and macroalgae. Luminous bacterial counts were monitored daily. From day 2 to day 6, luminous bacterial count in tanks with G. heteroclada was significantly lower than those in tanks with K. striatum. Bacteria isolated from the rearing water containing K. striatum and G. heteroclada and from the seaweed homogenized in sterile seawater showed anti-Vibrio harveyi activity. The seaweed homogenate per se also showed anti-luminous bacterial property. Presence of both G. heteroclada and K. striatum in shrimp culture system has the potential to control the growth of luminous bacteria. G. heteroclada was more efficient and sustainable, as shown by the lower luminous bacterial count and the higher percentage recovery of this macroalga after 11 d in experimental tanks.
CitationTendencia, E. A., & de la Peña, M. R. (2010). Potentials of Kappaphycus striatum (Schnitz) and Gracilaria heteroclada Zhang (Ad Xia) to control the growth of luminous bacteria Vibrio harveyi.
PublisherUniversity of the Philippines Los Baños
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Conference paperM Shariff - In TU Bagarinao & EEC Flores (Eds.), Towards sustainable aquaculture in Southeast Asia and Japan: Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia, Iloilo City, Philippines, 26-28 July, 1994, 1995 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterHealth management strategies are very important in aquaculture. In Asia, health management practices are broadly similar for the various aquatic species that are cultured. These focus mainly on maintaining the good health of the organisms throughout the life cycle. Good health management is based on an understanding of the interactions between the environment (water), the host, and the pathogens. In an ideal system, the three factors are balanced to offset a disease process. This balance is difficult to maintain in an intensive culture system and significant mortalities usually result. The outbreak of disease is thus related to poor health management. This paper deals with the health management practices applicable to the hatchery and grow-out stages of shrimp and fishes cultured in the tropics.
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