Culture systems categorized: The fundamentals
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The article presents the three basic categories of culture systems: open, semiclosed and closed systems. Open system culture generally refers to fish farming in natural bodies of water such as oceans, bays, estuaries, coastal lagoons, lakes or rivers. Semiclosed systems are those in which the culture water makes one pass through the system and is discharged. These are referred to as flow-through or once-through systems. The raceway falls into this category. Closed systems are those where the water is recondtioned and recirculated to culture units. These are also called the closed recirculating systems.
Suggested CitationSoutheast Asian Fisheries Development Center, Aquaculture Department (1995). Culture systems categorized: The fundamentals.
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