Artificial substratum consisting of poly-β-hydroxybutyrate-based biodegradable plastic improved the survival and overall performance of postlarval tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon
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The use of artificial substratum consisting of poly‐β‐hydroxybutyrate (PHB)‐based biodegradable plastic for penaeid shrimp culture was investigated in the present study. The survival of postlarval tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon (30 ± 5 mg) provided with PHB substratum made out of PHB type DP9002 (Metabolix GmbH, Köln, Germany) was 88.7 ± 3.4% and this was significantly higher as compared to postlarvae provided conventional substratum consisting of polyvinylchloride (PVC) pipes (67.3 ± 6.5%). However, no significant weight improvement was observed for the postlarval tiger shrimp indicating that PHB could not be used as growth promoter. Nevertheless, a trend of improved robustness against adverse environmental conditions (lethal ammonium chloride concentration) and increased resistance to pathogenic Vibrio was observed in postlarval tiger shrimp provided with PHB substratum as compared to postlarvae provided with PVC substratum. Results indicate higher preference by postlarvae on PHB substratum over PVC substratum. Overall, this study indicates the potential of artificial substratum consisting of PHB‐based biodegradable plastic as replacement for conventional substratum consisting of PVC pipes in enhancing the survival of postlarval tiger shrimp and improving its performance against adverse environmental conditions and disease resistance.
CitationLudevese-Pascual, G., Laranja, J. L., Amar, E., Bossier, P., & De Schryver, P. (2019). Artificial substratum consisting of poly-β-hydroxybutyrate-based biodegradable plastic improved the survival and overall performance of postlarval tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon.
Pipes; Biodegradation; Disease resistance; Ammonium compounds; Shrimp culture; Survival; Environmental conditions; Substrata; Ammonium chloride; Plastics; Pathogens; Shellfish; Aquaculture; Biodegradable substances; Weight; Growth; Decapoda; Penaeus monodon; Artificial substratum; poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB); Chloride resistance; Polyvinyl chloride; Ammonium; Polyhydroxybutyrate; Biodegradability; Vibrio; Waterborne diseases
This study was funded by the Flemish Interuniversity Council (VLIR).
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Larval and early juvenile development of silver therapon, Leiopotherapon plumbeus (Actinopterygii: Perciformes: Terapontidae), reared in mesocosms FA Aya, MNC Corpuz, MA Laron & LMB Garcia -
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Oral presentationRP Ferraris, FDP Estepa, JM Ladja & EG de Jesus - In Y Taki, JH Primavera & JA Llobrera (Eds.), Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Culture of Penaeid Prawns/Shrimps, 4-7 December 1984, Iloilo City, Philippines, 1985 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterThe osmotic, total protein and chloride ion regulation in two size groups (10 and 30 g) of Penaeus monodon Fabricius was investigated. Preliminary experiments showed that osmolality, total protein and chloride concentrations tend to become stable 24 to 36 hours after molting.Thus,hemolymph values 36 to 240 hours after sampling were not significantly different from each other. Based on these results, only 36 hours (or more) postmolt animals were sampled after transfer from control (32 ppt) to five test salinities (8, 16, 24, 32 and 40 ppt). Hemolymph samples were then taken 1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 10 days after transfer. Results showed that in general, osmolality, total protein and chloride concentrations in the hemolymph did not vary with time within the same salinity.Both sizes exhibited hyperosmotic and hyperionic regulation in lower salinities and hypoosmotic and hypoionic regulation in higher salinities. The isosmotic values obtained were approximately 676 to 720 mOsm (24 to 28.8 ppt) for the 10 g, and 724 to 792 mOsm (26 to 28.5 ppt) for the 30 g size group. For chloride, the isoionic values ranged from 324 to 339 mM in 10 g prawns. Slopes of the regression lines of hemolymph osmolality versus salinity in 10 g prawns were not significantly different from slopes of similar regression lines in 30 g prawns. These results suggest that the ability to regulate osmotic and total protein concentration in the hemolymph is similar in the two size groups.