Comparative strategies in community-based mangrove rehabilitation programs in the Philippines
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Philippine Mangroves have decreased from around 500,000 ha at the turn of the century to 132,000 ha in 1990. Given the varied and important socioeconomic and ecological functions of mangroves including harvest of forestry and fishery products, coastal protection, erosion control and pollution abatement, there is a need to rehabilitate degraded areas. Half of the mangrove areas lost in the las three decades can be traced to the construction of 141'000 ha of brackish water ponds monocropped to mik fish or shrimp. Integrated aquasilviculture is an alternative, although experimental, technology that combines both the fisheries and forestry functions of the mangrove ecosystem.This paper describes four models of mangrove rehabilitation and conservation with varying degrees of community participation in the philippines-monoculture mangrove planting in Kalibo, Aklan; mixed species planting in Silay City, Negros Occidental; aquasilviculture in Puerto Galera, Mindoro Oriental (family) and in Hinobaan, Negros Occidental (association)- and compares their strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats.
Primavera, J. H., & Agbayani, R. F. (1997). Comparative strategies in community-based mangrove rehabilitation programs in the Philippines. In N. H. Phan, N. Ishwaran, T. S. Hoang, H. T. Nguyen, & S. T. Mai (Eds.), Community Participation in Conservation, Sustainable Use and Rehabilitation of Mangroves in Southeast Asia. Proceedings of the ECOTONE V, 8-12 January 1996, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam (pp. 229–243). Hanoi, Vietnam: United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation; Japanese Man and the Biosphere National Committee; Mangrove Ecosystem Research Centre.
PublisherUnited Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation; Japanese Man and the Biosphere National Committee; Mangrove Ecosystem Research Centre
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BookAQ Hurtado-Ponce, MR Luhan & NG Guanzon Jr. - 1992 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterThis practical book on the seaweeds of Panay, Philippines, acquaints and provides information to members of the academe and research institutions, policy makers, fishermen and businessmen regarding the taxonomy, distribution, ecology and economic importance of these resources. It consists of 4 major parts: (1) Introduction, which reviews the literature, habitat, distribution, morphological structure and reproduction; 2) Classification, which describes the classes to which the seaweeds generally belong; 3) Collection and preservation, which explains the procedure used in treatment of specimens; and, 4) Taxonomic list. A glossary is included, covering technical terms used. All species listed and described in this book are macrobenthic and were collected in Panay and Guimaras Islands.
Morphometric and morphomeristic variations in five populations of indigenous Celebes goby Glossogobius celebius (Perciformes: Gobiidae) from Southern Luzon, Philippines MNC Corpuz, MVC Camacho & PP Ocampo -
Philippine Agricultural Scientist, 2013 - College of Agriculture, University of the Philippines Los BañosTo elucidate the population structure and pattern of morphological divergence of the indigenous Celebes goby Glossogobius celebius (Valenciennes, 1837), morphometric and morphomeristic characters of this species were compared among populations collected from five study sites in Southern Luzon, Philippines. Univariate analysis of variance confirmed significant differences among populations for 20 out of 23 allometrically-transformed metric characters (P<0.05), while nine meristic traits of five populations were comparatively homogeneous (P>0.05). Intrapopulation variability was very low (6.81-7.21%) for each location. Multivariate analysis of variance determined a very high significant group variability (P<0.05). Also, principal component analysis (PC1=36.60%; PC2=18.34%) and canonical variate analysis (CV1=44.59%; CV2=37.30%) identified the 2 super(nd) dorsal fin length, anal fin length, and the 2 super(nd) dorsal fin origin as the main significant contributors of population differentiation. Derived classification functions correctly classified an average of 68% individuals into their original groups. The canonical variate analysis plot exhibited high isolation of lacustrine populations (Lake Taal and Laguna de Bay) from riverine populations (Dampalit River, Alitaaw River and Pansipit River), with the latter having longer metric characters. Likewise, squared Euclidean distance similarity using metric data clearly produced two clusters representing both river and lake populations. This morphological divergence is suggested to be environmentally-induced (phenotypic plasticity) primarily by the differences in flow rate and temperature of the study sites.
Conference paperAQ Hurtado-Ponce - In TU Bagarinao & EEC Flores (Eds.), Towards sustainable aquaculture in Southeast Asia and Japan: Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Aquaculture Development in Southeast Asia, Iloilo City, Philippines, 26-28 July, 1994, 1995 - Aquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterResearch on seaweeds focused on the carrageenan-producing Kappaphycus alvarezii and the agar-producing Gracilaria spp. Growth of K. alvarezii was better on horizontal lines than on vertical or cluster lines from bamboo rafts. All morphotypes (brown green, and red) grew faster at 50 cm than at 100 cm below the water surface, but the green morphotype showed better carrageenan properties. A socioeconomic survey of K. alvarezii farming in Panagatan Cays, Antique revealed that a farmer has an average annual production of 3 tons/ha (dry) with the fixed bottom and hanging longline methods. Three species of Gracilaria in natural beds in lloilo showed monthly variations in biomass and agar quality; G. heteroclada had the highest biomass and gel strength. When this species was grown in tanks, growth and agar sulfate content were influenced by the interaction of light, salinity, and nutrients. Enriched and unenriched stocks of G. heteroclada differed in agar quality. When G. heteroclada was grown with the tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon in extensive ponds, the highest growth rate and production were obtained at the seaweed stocking density of 250 g/m2; this was in November when average water temperature, transparency, and salinity were low. Salinity tolerance varies among Gracilaria species.Oyster (Crassostrea iredalei) and mussel (Perna viridis) farming in Western Visayas were assessed in 1992 in terms of the culture methods, socioeconomics, marketing, and profitability. A more localized survey of oyster and mussel fanning was conducted through rapid rural appraisal in two coastal towns in 1993. A farmer-participatory study followed in 1994 for the culture of oysters, mussels, seaweeds, and rabbitfishes in a river mouth in Dumangas, lloilo. Green mussel, brown mussel (Modiolus metcalfei), and seaweeds transplanted to Dumangas from Capiz have reproduced. In another study, the green mussel was tested as a biological filter in tiger shrimp ponds; shrimps stocked with mussels grew better than those without. A nationwide survey on the Placuna placenta fishery in 1993 showed 27 remaining 'kapis' beds; many others have been depleted due to excessive gathering, pollution, siltation, and trawling. Broodstocks are being developed to produce 'kapis' seed for grow-out and restocking. For the first time at AQD, adult donkey-ear abalone Haliotis asinina from the wild spawned naturally in laboratory tanks. Juvenile abalones can be successfully grown on Gracilaria or abalone diet.