Growth, metamorphosis and survival of orange-spotted rabbitfish (Siganus guttatus) larvae fed sodium iodide-supplemented brine shrimp (Artemia sp.)
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In an attempt to improve the hatchery production of orange-spotted rabbitfish (Siganus guttatus), the present study evaluated the effects of iodine-supplementation of larval food (Artemia) on endogenous thyroid hormone (TH) levels in larvae, and subsequently on their metamorphosis, growth and survival. Rabbitfish larvae (20 days after hatching, DAH) were fed unsupplemented (control) and sodium iodide (0.8 g L−1) -supplemented Artemia. The larvae were reared in 250-L fiberglass tanks at a stocking density of five larvae L−1. Each treatment has three replicates. The study was conducted until 50% of the larval population in both treatments has completely metamorphosed. Iodine-supplementation in larval food resulted in significantly higher levels of thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), (TH) in rabbitfish larvae (p < 0.05). Treated rabbitfish larvae had significantly higher mean body weight (0.20 ± 0.01 g) than the control (0.14 ± 0.01 g) and a lower muscle fiber (MF) count (0.003 ± 0.001 MF μm−2) than the control (0.009 ± 0.002 MF um−2) (p < 0.05). However, survival was not different between the two treatments. Furthermore, using the statistical tool probit analysis on the metamorphic period index, it showed that 50% of the population in the control group metamorphosed at 42.4 DAH while 50% of the population in the treated group metamorphosed at 31.2 DAH. Cumulative stress index test indicated a positive response of larvae fed supplemented Artemia (p < 0.05). This study demonstrated that feeding sodium iodide-supplemented Artemia to rabbitfish larvae enhances the endogenous TH levels which in turn accelerates the metamorphosis and improves fish muscle fiber growth and stress tolerance.
Supplementary data to this article can be found online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2021.736443.
Legaspi, M. I., Traifalgar, R. F. M., de Jesus-Ayson, E. G. T., Andrino-Felarca, K. G. S., & Mamauag, R. E. (2021). Growth, metamorphosis and survival of orange-spotted rabbitfish (Siganus guttatus) larvae fed sodium iodide-supplemented brine shrimp (Artemia sp.).
Aquaculture, 536, 736443. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2021.736443
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