The status of Sardinella tawilis in Taal Lake, Batangas, Philippines
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The status of the world s only freshwater sardine, Sardinella tawilis, is presented by its population dynamics, related aspects of biology, and production trends. A policy matrix was designed to show strategies on how to conserve and manage tawilis in Taal Lake. Fish landed catch survey was conducted for five years in eight landing centers around the lake. Hired enumerators used questionnaires to record daily catch, fishing effort and length measurements. Population parameters were analyzed using the Food and Agriculture Organization-International Center for Living Aquatic Resources Management (FAO-ICLARM) Stock Assessment Tools (FISAT). Production of tawilis over the years has slowly declined, from 744 MT in 1996 to 637 MT in 1999. Operation of prohibited active gears like the motorized push net (suro) and ring net (basing) has threatened fish production in the lake. High exploitation rate of 0.59 caused by increased fishing pressure has exceeded the optimum 0.3-0.5 range. Proper management and regulatory interventions are required to help resolve the existing problems affecting the sustainability of the lake. To improve the production of tawilis, a stock enhancement scheme in the Lake is recommended.
Mutia, Ma. T. M. (2005). The status of Sardinella tawilis in Taal Lake, Batangas, Philippines. In M. L. Cuvin-Aralar, R. S. Punongbayan, A. Santos-Borja, L. V. Castillo, E. V. Manalili, & M. M. Mendoza (Eds.), Proceedings of the First National Congress on Philippine Lakes (p. 231). Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA).
- LakeCon2003