Studies on the digestive proteases of the milkfish Chanos chanos
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The protease activity of crude extracts from various organs of the digestive tract of two groups of milkfish was determined. One group (Sample A) derived their food from ponds that had predominantly unicellular algae while the other group (Sample B) were reared on ponds dominated by the filamentous green algae Chaetomorpha brachygona . In general, crude extracts from Sample A fish had a higher protease activity than Sample B fish. In both samples, high protease activity was observed in crude extracts from the pyloric caeca, intestines and pancreas. Chymotryptic activity was observed in crude extracts of pancreas, intestines and pyloric caeca of both fish samples. Tryptic activity was, however, observed only in fish grown on unicellular algae. Experimental evidence suggests that a powerful trypsin inhibitor in Chaetomorpha brachygona may account for the absence of tryptic activity in all crude extracts of Sample B fish. The presence of this inhibitor may also explain the widely observed poor growth rate of milkfish reared on this natural food.
SEAFDEC contribution no. 112.
Benitez, L. V., & Tiro Jr., L. B. (1982). Studies on the digestive proteases of the milkfish Chanos chanos.
Marine Biology, 71(3), 309-315. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00397047
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