Testicular histology and serum steroid hormone profiles in hatchery-bred catfish Clarias macrocephalus (Gunther) during an annual reproductive cycle
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Testicular development, gonadosomatic index (GSI), and related steroid hormones (testosterone or T, 11-ketotestosterone or 11-KT, 17α, 20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one or DHP) in serum were monitored during an annual reproductive cycle in tank-reared, hatchery-bred male catfish Clarias macrocephalus to established the season optimum for its artificial propagation. GSI values were highest in June (0.80%), and lowest in December, February, April (0.36%). At most times of the year, lobules in the testis and seminal vesicles were mostly lined with spermatogonia B (SGb) and spermatocytes (SC) and few spermatogonia A (SGa); spermatids (SD) and spermatozoa (SZ) were the least and most abundant of the spermatogenic cells, respectively. In January however, almost equal counts of SGa, SGb and SC were observed, as well as a significant increase in the percentage of SD and corresponding decrease in SZ. Serum 11-KT fluctuated at high levels, with the lowest level in January (159.42 ng/ml), and peak in September (434.72 ng / ml). Serum T levels ranged from 15-25 ng/ml, and were not markedly different throughout the annual cycle. Serum DHP levels were extremely low in January-May, and reached maximum levels in July (0.18 ng/ ml). Seasonal changes in the percentage of spermatogenic cells, GSI and serum steroid hormone profiles showed that captive, hatchery-bred male C. macrocephalus have a continuous reproductive cycle. Although milt release was not observed, males can readily be used as source of milt for artificial propagation at any time of the annual cycle, except in January.
Suggested CitationTan-Fermin, J. D., Miura, T., Ueda, H., Adachi, S., & Yamauchi, K. (1997). Testicular histology and serum steroid hormone profiles in hatchery-bred catfish Clarias macrocephalus (Gunther) during an annual reproductive cycle.
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