Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorTendencia, Eleonor
dc.contributor.authorVerreth, Johan A.J.
dc.identifier.citationTendencia, E. A., & Verreth, J. A. J. (2011). Temperature fluctuation, low salinity, water microflora: Risk factors for WSSV outbreaks in Penaeus monodon. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh, 63, 548.en
dc.description.abstractWhite spot syndrome virus (WSSV) has been devastating the shrimp industry for almost a decade. This study compares water parameters, alkalinity, and microflora in three ponds on a farm on Negros Island (Philippines) during two production cycles where WSSV infection resulted in an outbreak in 2006 but not in 2005. The total bacterial count of the pond water in 2005 was about twice as high as in 2006. However, luminous bacterial counts were twice as high in 2006 than in 2005 and total presumptive Vibrio, as counted on Vibrio selective thiosulfate citrate bilesalt sucrose (TCBS) agar, was over ten times higher, with a greater percentage of green colonies. More green colonies might indicate a higher concentration of harmful Vibrio bacteria. Total alkalinity for both production cycles was within the normal range while temperature, salinity, pH, and dissolved oxygen varied and sometimes fell below or exceeded the acceptable range. In 2006, there were more instances during which the temperature fluctuated 3-4°C within the period of 07:00-17:00, and salinity more often dropped below 15 ppt. Our survey suggests that WSSV outbreak are triggered by water temperature fluctuations of 3-4°C, coupled with low salinity and a high presumptive Vibrio counten
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors wish to thank the Government of Japan for funding the study through the trust fund given to the Aquaculture Department of the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC AQD), study code 8001 T FD FH0206; the shrimp farm owner and manager for unselfishly sharing their data; and Dr. Ir. Roel H. Bosma for reading the first version of the manuscript.en
dc.publisherSociety of Israeli Aquaculture and Marine Biotechnologyen
dc.subjectrisk factorsen
dc.titleTemperature fluctuation, low salinity, water microflora: Risk factors for WSSV outbreaks in Penaeus monodon.en
dc.citation.journalTitleThe Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgehen
dc.subject.asfashrimp cultureen
dc.subject.asfaWhite spot syndrome virusen

Files in this item


There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Journal Articles [1208]
    These papers were contributed by Department staff to various national and international journals.

Show simple item record