Diagnostic and preventive practices for iridovirus in marine fish
MetadataShow full item record
The first outbreak of red sea bream iridoviral disease (RSIVD) caused by red sea bream iridovirus (RSIV) was recorded among cultured red sea bream (Pagrus major) in 1990 in Ehime, Shikoku, Japan. Since then, the disease has caused mass mortalities of many cultured marine fishes. From 1990-2000, RSIVD was detected in 31 cultured marine fish species, including 28 Perciformes, 2 Pleuronectiformes and 1 Teteraodontiformes, in 18 prefectures in the southwestern part of Japan. The infected fish are lethargic and show severe anemia, petechiae of the gills, and enlargement of the spleen. Histopathologically, the disease is characterized by the presence of enlarged cells in the spleen, heart, kidney, liver and gills that are deeply stained with Giemsa solution. Diagnostic methods for RSIV, such as the observation of stained imprints or tissue sections, an immunofluorescent (IF) test with a monoclonal antibody (MAb) and a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique have been developed. The IF test with MAb is commonly used in the rapid diagnosis of RSIV-infected fish. For an effective control measure against RSIVD, a formalin-killed vaccine has been developed and this showed a significant effect in red sea bream under both experimental and field conditions.
Nakajima, K. (2002). Diagnostic and preventive practices for iridovirus in marine fish. In Y. Inui & E. R. Cruz-Lacierda (Eds.), Disease Control in Fish and Shrimp Aquaculture in Southeast Asia - Diagnosis and Husbandry Techniques: Proceedings of the SEAFDEC-OIE Seminar-Workshop on Disease Control in Fish and Shrimp Aquaculture in Southeast Asia - Diagnosis and Husbandry Techniques, 4-6 December 2001, Iloilo City, Philippines (pp. 75-79). Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines: SEAFDEC Aquaculture Department.
PublisherAquaculture Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Successful use of cryopreserved oyster trocophores as a live first feed larval marine fish and invertebrates BJ Harvey - In CL Marte, GF Quinitio & AC Emata (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Breeding and Seed Production of Cultured Finfishes in the Philippines, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 4-5 May 1993, 1996 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture DepartmentTrochophore-stage larvae of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas were cryopreserved in bulk and stored in liquid nitrogen for periods up to two years before thawing and feeding to a variety of warmwater and coldwater larval marine fish, as well as to marine shrimps and other invertebrates. The commercial product ("TrochoFeed"), marketed in both pre-thawed and cryopreserved versions, has been used successfully in the early rearing of cultured species including red drum, snook, grouper, and black cod, as well as for numerous warmwater and coldwater aquarium display fish. This paper describes the nutritional profile of the cryopreserved trochopores and presents a summary of the available growth and mortality data.
ArticleThe SS-type rotifer Brachionus rotundiformis is a common initial food for rearing fish larvae with a small mouth. However, there are commercially important fish species whose mouth sizes are too small to feed on SS-type rotifers. In 2004, we isolated a small (body length = 82.7 ± 10.9 μm; body width 40.5 ± 6.4 μm), flexible, and iloricate rotifer, Proales similis from an estuary in Okinawa, Japan. Under laboratory conditions (25 °C, 2–25 ppt) P. similis produced its first offspring on 2.5 to 2.8 days after hatching, and produced 4.3 to 7.8 offspring within 4.0 to 4.7 days life span. Batch cultured P. similis fed Nannochloropsis oculata suspension at 28.8 μg dry weight ml− 1 and cultured at 25 °C, 25 ppt filtered seawater, increased exponentially from 25 to 2400 ind ml− 1 after 11 days of culture with an overall intrinsic rate of natural increase (r) of 0.42 day− 1. The growth rate of P. similis was not significantly different when fed fresh N. oculata and super fresh Chlorella vulgaris-V12®. Total lipid per wet weight of P. similis fed by N. oculata and C. vulgaris were 2.4 and 2.6%, respectively. The compositions of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and arachidonic acid (ARA) of P. similis fed N. oculata were 23.2, 0.0 and 5.3%, respectively, while these were 11.0, 17.5 and 0.5% respectively, when fed C. vulgaris. The use of P. similis to feed small mouth fish including seven-band grouper Epinephelus septemfasciatus, rusty angelfish Centropyge ferrugata, and humphead wrasse Cheilinus undulatus showed that it is an excellent starter food for these species because of their high selectivity index and improved survival. In addition, P. similis was ingested by Japanese eel Anguilla japonica larvae with a complicated digestive system. The use of P. similis as starter feed for small mouth fish larvae is highly recommended.
Conference paperMJH Lebata-Ramos, EF Doyola-Solis, R Sibonga, JB Abroguena, A Santillan & M Dimzon - In K Hajime, T Iwata, Y Theparoonrat, N Manajit & VT Sulit (Eds.), Consolidating the Strategies for Fishery Resources Enhancement in Southeast Asia. Proceedings of the Symposium … Strategy for Fisheries Resources Enhancement in the Southeast Asian Region, Pattaya, Thailand, 27-30 July 2015, 2016 - Training Department, Southeast Asian Fisheries Development CenterSEAFDEC/AQD’s Stock Enhancement Program started in 2001 with the first stock enhancement initiative on mud crab Scylla spp. funded by the European Commission. This was followed by another stock enhancement program in 2005 supported by the Government of Japan Trust Fund with seahorses Hippocampus spp., giant clam Tridacna gigas, abalone Haliotis asinina, and sea cucumbers Holothuria spp. as priority species. This paper discusses the release strategies that have been established for giant clam, abalone and mud crab.