Effect of stunting of juvenile bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis (Richardson) on compensatory growth and reproduction
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The study was conducted to determine if stunting of young bighead carp Aristichtys nobilis (Richardson) would affect subsequent growth and reproduction. Juveniles (3 g each) were stocked directly in cages (control) in a lake or stunted in tanks for 6, 12, 18 or 24 months before being stocked in cages. Initially, body weights and lengths of stunted carp in cages were significantly lower (P<0.05) than those of the control fish. The carp stunted for 6, 12 and 18 months showed growth compensation, although their weights and lengths were slightly lower than those of the control fish. The body weight and length of fish stunted for 24 months were the lowest throughout the rearing period. Sexual maturation occurred only in the control fish and those stunted for 6 and 12 months. However, the onset of gonad maturity was delayed significantly (P<0.05) in males stunted for 12 months and in both groups of stunted female fish. The relative fecundity (44 000–56 000 eggs per kg body weight) and number of 3-day-old larvae produced per female (78 000–89 000) did not differ significantly among the three treatments (P>0.05), but production was somewhat lower in fish stunted for 12 months.
CitationSantiago, C. B., Gonzal, A. C., Aralar, E. V., & Arcilla, R. P. (2004). Effect of stunting of juvenile bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis (Richardson) on compensatory growth and reproduction.
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Conference paperLMB Garcia - In CL Marte, GF Quinitio & AC Emata (Eds.), Proceedings of the Seminar-Workshop on Breeding and Seed Production of Cultured Finfishes in the Philippines, Tigbauan, Iloilo, Philippines, 4-5 May 1993, 1996 - SEAFDEC Aquaculture DepartmentRecent progress undertaken by SEAFDEC/AQD in the development of broodstock of a variety of cultured fish in the Philippines is reviewed. Spontaneous maturation and spawning has been achieved among captive breeders of grouper, milkfish, sea bass, rabbitfish, and tilapia. Hormonal intervention methods have been developed mainly to accelerated final gonadal maturation to synchronize release of mature gametes, and to control sex inversion among hermaphroditic fish such as grouper. These methods entailed the development of gonadal biopsy procedures and hormone administration protocols such as mode on introducing a variety of exogenous hormones to fish, administration intervals, and lately response times.Enhancement of reproduction by improving the diet fed to Nile tilapia, rabbitfish, and milkfish breeders has also been achieved in recent years. Protein or lipid enrichment of the diet may enhance growth of broodstock to subsequently increase reproductive performance and fry survival.Limited success has been achieved with photoperiod manipulation to effect year-round sexual maturation and spawning of milkfish and sea bass broodstock.
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Effect of growth hormone and γ-aminobutyric acid on Brachionus plicatilis (Rotifera) reproduction at low food or high ammonia levels WG Gallardo, A Hagiwara, Y Tomita & TW Snell -
Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 1999 - ElsevierGrowth hormone (GH, 0.0025 and 0.025 I.U. ml−1) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA, 50 μg ml−1) enhance rotifer population growth in batch cultures. In order to further understand the mechanism of their actions, we conducted experiments culturing isolated females at low food and high free ammonia levels. At an optimum food level of 7×106Nannochloropsis oculata cells ml−1 or at low free ammonia level of 2.4 μg ml−1, the F1 offspring of rotifers treated with GH at 0.0025 I.U. ml−1 had significantly higher population growth rate (r) and net reproduction rate (Ro), and shorter generation time than untreated rotifers. At a lower food level of 7×105 cells ml−1 or at high free ammonia level of 3.1 μg ml−1, rotifers treated with GABA at 50 μg ml−1 had significantly higher r and Ro, and shorter generation time. These results indicate that GABA is effective in enhancing rotifer reproduction when rotifers are cultured under stress whereas GH enhances rotifer reproduction when culture conditions are optimal. Significant effects were also observed in F1 and F2 generations which were not treated with hormones. These data may be useful for treating rotifer mass cultures to mitigate the effects of stress caused by high population densities.